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Table 3 Associations between parental alcohol use and attention and conduct problems, adjusting for all covariates

From: Parental alcohol use and adolescent school adjustment in the general population: Results from the HUNT study

   Attention Conduct
  N d 95% C.I. d 95% C.I.
Maternal alcohol        
Abuse 130 0.13   -0.08 - 0.33 0.17   -0.04 - 0.39
At risk 748 0.04   -0.04 - 0.12 0.03   -0.05 - 0.11
Abstainer 474 -0.05   -0.15 - 0.04 -0.09   -0.19 - 0.01
Missing response 2714 0.02   -0.05 - 0.08 0.02   -0.05 - 0.08
Light drinking 4448 0    0   
Paternal alcohol        
Abuse 209 0.12   -0.03 - 0.28 0.05   -0.11 - 0.21
At risk 770 0.02   -0.05 - 0.10 0.04   -0.05 - 0.12
Abstainer 269 0.01   -0.11 - 0.13 0.14 * 0.01 - 0.27
Missing response 3861 0.04   -0.03 - 0.10 0.04   -0.02 - 0.11
Light drinking 3405 0    0   
Adolescent mental distress        
Distressed 1325 0.79 *** 0.72 - 0.85 0.38 *** 0.32 - 0.44
Not distressed 7189 0    0   
Maternal mental distress        
Distressed 677 0.06   -0.02 - 0.14 0.00   -0.08 - 0.08
Missing response 1658 0.01   -0.07 - 0.08 -0.07   -0.15 - 0.01
Not distressed 6198 0    0   
Paternal mental distress    *     
Distressed 559 0.11 ** 0.03 - 0.20 0.06   -0.03 - 0.15
Missing response 2739 0.02   -0.05 - 0.09 0.06   -0.01 - 0.14
Not distressed 5237 0    0   
Relationship dissolution        
Dissolved 1841 0.14 *** 0.08 - 0.20 0.09 ** 0.03 - 0.15
Married or cohabiting 6673 0    0   
Number of friends       ***  
None 138 0.18   -0.02 - 0.37 -0.34 *** -0.50 - -0.17
One 401 0.08   -0.02 - 0.18 -0.24 *** -0.34 - -0.14
Two or three 2735 -0.01   -0.06 - 0.03 -0.15 *** -0.20 - -0.11
Four or more 5240 0    0   
Seen parents drunk    ***    ***  
A few times a week 110 0.56 *** 0.30 - 0.81 0.62 *** 0.37 - 0.87
A few times a month 447 0.41 *** 0.31 - 0.52 0.46 *** 0.35 - 0.56
A few times a year 1736 0.20 *** 0.15 - 0.26 0.33 *** 0.27 - 0.39
A few times 3147 0.18 *** 0.13 - 0.22 0.23 *** 0.18 - 0.28
Never 3074 0    0   
  1. Controlled for demography (adolescent age and sex; parental age, education and income).
  2. Cohen's d express group differences as fractions of standard deviations.
  3. * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001.