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Table 2 Results adjusting for adolescent mental distress and for seeing parents drunk

From: Parental alcohol use and adolescent school adjustment in the general population: Results from the HUNT study

   Attention Conduct
  N d 95% C.I. d 95% C.I.
Adjusted for adolescent mental distress
   Maternal alcohol    ***    ***  
   Abuse 133 0.19   -0.01 - 0.40 0.24 * 0.03 - 0.45
   At risk 764 0.08 * 0.01 - 0.16 0.08   0.00 - 0.15
   Abstainer 489 -0.09   -0.18 - 0.01 -0.16 ** -0.26 - -0.06
   Missing response 2796 0.03   -0.02 - 0.08 -0.01   -0.06 - 0.04
   Light drinking 4546 0    0   
   Paternal alcohol    **    ***  
   Abuse 215 0.20 ** 0.05 - 0.35 0.17 * 0.01 - 0.33
   At risk 793 0.09 * 0.02 - 0.16 0.10 * 0.02 - 0.18
   Abstainer 279 -0.06   -0.18 - 0.06 0.05   -0.08 - 0.18
   Missing response 3963 0.07 ** 0.02 - 0.12 0.10 *** 0.05 - 0.15
   Light drinking 3478 0    0   
   Adolescent mental distress        
   Distressed 1361 0.82 *** 0.76 - 0.88 0.37 *** 0.31 - 0.43
   Not distressed 7367 0    0   
Adjusted for seeing parents drunk
   Maternal alcohol        
   Abuse 131 0.20   -0.01 - 0.42 0.20   -0.01 - 0.42
   At risk 755 0.05   -0.03 - 0.13 0.04   -0.04 - 0.12
   Abstainer 477 -0.06   -0.16 - 0.04 -0.11 * -0.21 - 0.00
   Missing response 2742 0.02   -0.03 - 0.07 -0.02   -0.07 - 0.04
   Light drinking 4490 0    0   
   Paternal alcohol       **  
   Abuse 209 0.14   -0.01 - 0.29 0.07   -0.09 - 0.23
   At risk 781 0.05   -0.03 - 0.12 0.04   -0.04 - 0.12
   Abstainer 273 0.03   -0.09 - 0.16 0.15 * 0.02 - 0.28
   Missing response 3901 0.07 ** 0.02 - 0.12 0.09 *** 0.04 - 0.14
   Light drinking 3431 0    0   
   Seen parents drunk    ***    ***  
   A few times a week 111 0.71 *** 0.43 - 0.98 0.71 *** 0.46 - 0.97
   A few times a month 453 0.50 *** 0.39 - 0.61 0.51 *** 0.41 - 0.62
   A few times a year 1746 0.25 *** 0.19 - 0.31 0.36 *** 0.30 - 0.42
   A few times 3181 0.20 *** 0.16 - 0.25 0.25 *** 0.20 - 0.30
   Never 3104 0    0   
  1. Controlled for demography (adolescent age and sex; parental age, education and income).
  2. Cohen's d express group differences as fractions of standard deviations.
  3. * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001.