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Table 2 Distribution of participant characteristics

From: Socio-demographic and AIDS-related factors associated with tuberculosis stigma in southern Thailand: a quantitative, cross-sectional study of stigma among patients with TB and healthy community members

Continuous participant characteristics Patients with TB Community members
Age Age in years (median, range) 37 (18 - 79) 34 (18 - 69)
Income Thousand Baht per month (median, range) 10 (0 - 90) 10 (1 - 100)
Categorical participant characteristics N (%) N (%)
Gender Male 317 (66.0) 146 (48.7)
  Female 163 (34.0) 154 (51.3)
Religion Buddhist 319 (66.7) 244 (81.3)
  Muslim 159 (33.3) 56 (18.7)
Education Less than or no primary school 160 (33.4) 61 (20.3)
  Completed primary school 191 (39.8) 103 (34.3)
  Completed secondary school 129 (26.9) 136 (45.3)
TB knowledge* Infected from family/others 87 (18.1) 42 (14.0)
(Cause) Work hard 71 (14.8) 3 (1.0)
  Smoking/drinking 162 (33.8) 158 (52.7)
  Heredity 20 (4.2) 25 (8.3)
  Weak body 82 (17.1) 27 (9.0)
  Eat or drink with patient 20 (4.2) 43 (14.3)
  Other 38 (7.9) 2 (0.7)
TB knowledge† Eat/drink 291 (61.9) 109 (36.7)
(Transmission) Touch 41 (8.7) 32 (10.8)
  Sex 46 (9.8) 16 (5.4)
  Cough/sneeze 396 (84.3) 224 (75.4)
  Other 64 (13.6) 50 (16.8)
TB knowledge Curable 463 (96.5) 231 (77.0)
(Cure) Not curable 17 (3.5) 69 (23.0)
TB knowledge† TB increase AIDS 242 (50.4) 142 (47.3)
(TB/HIV) AIDS increases TB 346 (72.1) 219 (73.0)
  AIDS/TB appear similar 339 (70.6) 186 (62.0)
Knew person Did not know person with TB    211 (70.3)
with TB Knew person with TB (lived)    51 (17.0)
  Knew person with TB (died)    38 (12.7)
HIV status‡ Never tested 292 (60.8)   
  Previously tested negative 115 (24.0)   
  Previously tested positive 73 (15.2)   
Symptoms§ Cough 236 (49.2)   
  Hemoptysis 116 (24.2)   
  Weight loss 59 (12.3)   
  Fever and/or extrapulmonary only 55 (11.5)   
  No symptoms 14 (2.9)   
  1. * Exclusive or † non-exclusive categories
  2. § Cough and hemoptysis categories may also include patients with additional symptoms such as weight loss, fever, or EPTB (extrapulmonary TB); Weight loss excludes cough but may include other symptoms (e.g. fever and/or EPTB); Fever and EPTB includes patients with only those symptoms (no cough or weight loss).
  3. ‡Self-reported