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Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression model for determinants of "HIV testing status"

From: Determinants for HIV testing and counselling in Nairobi urban informal settlements

  Not tested Vs CITC Not tested Vs PITC
Variables OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI]
Gender (Ref = Female)
   Male 0.47*** [0.38,0.58] 0.16*** [0.12,0.21]
Slum (Ref = Korogocho)
   Viwandani 0.94 [0.75,1.17] 1.07 [0.83,1.39]
Age category (Ref = 20-24 yrs)
   <20 yrs 0.59** [0.40,0.87] 0.76 [0.48,1.20]
   25-29 yrs 0.83 [0.62,1.12] 0.84 [0.61,1.16]
   30-34 yrs 0.71* [0.52,0.98] 0.65* [0.45,0.94]
   35-39 yrs 0.44*** [0.31,0.62] 0.43*** [0.29,0.64]
   40-44 yrs 0.35*** [0.23,0.54] 0.41*** [0.26,0.66]
   45-49 yrs 0.34*** [0.21,0.55] 0.32*** [0.18,0.59]
   50+ yrs 0.58 [0.27,1.26] 0.77 [0.27,2.18]
Education (Ref = Primary)
   No schooling 1.50 [0.85,2.68] 1.47 [0.79,2.73]
   Secondary 1.26* [1.01,1.57] 1.09 [0.84,1.42]
   Higher 3.04* [1.00,9.18] 2.19 [0.53,8.97]
   Don't know 0.82 [0.36,1.84] 1.36 [0.61,3.03]
Ethnicity (Ref = Kikuyu)
   Luhya 0.65** [0.48,0.87] 0.67* [0.47,0.95]
   Luo 0.79 [0.59,1.05] 0.88 [0.63,1.24]
   Kamba 0.96 [0.72,1.27] 0.89 [0.64,1.25]
   Others 0.83 [0.59,1.16] 1.31 [0.90,1.89]
Marital Status (Ref = Married)
   Divorced/separated/widowed 1.65** [1.19,2.27] 0.94 [0.64,1.37]
   Never married 0.71* [0.54,0.93] 0.28*** [0.19,0.40]
Wealth Index (Ref = Richest)
   Poorest 20% 1.09 [0.78,1.51] 0.92 [0.61,1.37]
   2nd 1.17 [0.87,1.59] 1.16 [0.82,1.64]
   3rd 0.97 [0.73,1.30] 0.94 [0.68,1.32]
   4th 1.18 [0.88,1.57] 1.25 [0.90,1.72]
Mobility (Ref = Less mobile)
   Highly mobile 1.13 [0.83,1.54] 1.02 [0.72,1.45]
Stigma Index (Ref = Least stigmatising)
   Most stigmatising 0.65** [0.49,0.86] 0.76 [0.55,1.04]
   Moderate 0.88 [0.71,1.09] 0.84 [0.65,1.07]
HIV status (Ref = Negative)
   Positive 1.60** [1.15,2.22] 1.30 [0.89,1.92]
   Not known 1.39* [1.08,1.80] 1.29 [0.96,1.73]
HIV Knowledge level (Ref = 2nd)
   Lowest 0.64** [0.48,0.84] 0.79 [0.58,1.08]
   3rd 1.04 [0.77,1.42] 0.81 [0.55,1.18]
   4th 0.90 [0.67,1.22] 0.92 [0.65,1.30]
   Highest 0.86 [0.66,1.12] 0.75 [0.54,1.03]
Good to know HIV status (Ref = Yes)
   No 0.32*** [0.16,0.63] 0.16*** [0.06,0.43]
Knows HIV/AIDS facility (Ref = Yes)
   No 0.60*** [0.48,0.74] 0.79* [0.62,1.00]
Sex with other partners in 1 year (Ref = No)
   Yes 0.87 [0.60,1.27] 0.79 [0.45,1.38]
Age at sex debut (Ref = Less than 15 yrs)
   15-19 yrs 0.95 [0.73,1.24] 1.18 [0.84,1.65]
   20 + yrs 1.02 [0.73,1.42] 1.62* [1.07,2.44]
  1. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001