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Table 1 Study Characteristics

From: The stigma of obesity in the general public and its implications for public health - a systematic review

Study n Sample Description Age Survey Method Construct covered and main measurements used
Barry, Brescoll, Brownell & Schlesinger (2009);
1009 nationally representative web sample
RDD-sampling to recruit for web sample;
Yale Rudd Center Public Opinion on Obesity Survey
≥ 18 yrs Internet survey Causal attribution described in 7 specific metaphors:
obesity as sinful behaviour; a disability; a form of eating disorder; a food addiction; a reflection of time crunch; a consequence of manipulation by commercial interests; as result of a toxic food environment
For what percentage of overweight Americans does [metaphor] account for? Policy support (7 redistributive, 6 compensatory, 3 price-raising):
Rating of support
[2, 26, 27]
Hilbert, Rief, Brähler, 2007a, 2007b; 2008
1000 nationally representative
ADM-sampling with last birthday method; surveyed by USUMA
45.9 yrs Telephone interview
- structured interview
- 20 min
Causal attribution conceptualized in 11 items:
behavioural, other environmental, genetic risk factors → rating on a 5-point Likert scale.
Policy support (11, information-based campaigns, regulatory measures and childhood-focused measures):
Rating of support
Stigmatizing attitudes:
Subscale "weight/control blame" (WCB) of the Antifat Attitudes Test.
Causal attribution: 3 scales covering behaviour, environment and heredity
Oliver & Lee, 2005;
909 nationally representative;
RDD-sampling; American Attitudes towards Obesity (AATO) survey
/ Telephone interview Causal attribution: 2 items each on 3 dimensions (genetic, environmental, personal attribute factors)
Policy support (regulating food ads and lunches in school):
Rating of support on 5-point Likert scale
Seo, Torabi & Torabi, 2006;
1000 nationally representative;
≥ 18 yrs Telephone interview
- 10 min
Causal attribution: 2 items ("Obese people can do sth. about their weight" and "Obese people can lose weight by watching their eating habits")→ rating on 5-point Likert scale.
Taylor, Funk, Craighill, 2006;
2250 randomly-selected nationally representative ≥ 18 yrs Telephone interview Causal attribution: Rating of reasons of overweight/obesity
  1. Abbreviations: ADM --- Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Marktforschungsinstitute (German specific three stage random sampling method); CATI - Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview; RDD - Random Digit Dialing.