Skip to main content

Table 3 Socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of alcohol use within the last 12 months among undergraduate medical students, June 2009

From: Substance use and its predictors among undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia

  Alcohol use within
the last 12 months
 
Factors No, n (%) Yes, n (%) Adjusted* OR
(95% CI)
Sex    
   Female 168 (85.7) 28 (14.3) 1.00 (Reference)
   Male 319 (74.9) 107 (25.1) 2.14 (1.22, 3.76)
Age in years    
   15-19 178 (79.1) 47 (20.9) 1.00 (Reference)
   20 or more 309 (77.8) 88 (22.2) 1.07 (0.58, 1.98)
Religion    
   Other Christian 121 (91.7) 11 (8.3) 1.00 (Reference)
   Orthodox Christian 278 (71.5) 111 (28.5) 4.67 (2.05, 10.64)
   Muslim 80 (93.0) 6 (7.0) 0.20 (0.04, 0.92)
   Other 8 (53.3) 7 (46.7) 13.64 (2.58, 72.10)
Main source of family's income    
   Government employee 142 (74.7) 48 (25.3) 1.00 (Reference)
   Business 116 (71.6) 46 (28.4) 1.78 (0.96, 3.31)
   Agriculture-based 121 (90.3) 13 (9.7) 0.34 (0.10, 1.12)
   Other 108 (79.4) 28 (20.6) 1.12 (0.59, 2.16)
Original background    
   Rural 106 (85.5) 18 (14.5) 1.00 (Reference)
   Urban 381 (76.5) 117 (23.5) 0.94 (0.32, 2.76)
Medical education status    
   Pre-clinical 363 (81.2) 84 (18.8) 1.00 (Reference)
   Clinical 124 (70.9) 51 (29.1) 0.98 (0.51, 1.90)
Father currently drinks alcohol    
   No 381 (83.7) 74 (16.3) 1.00 (Reference)
   Yes 106 (63.5) 61 (36.5) 2.60 (1.51, 4.51)
Mother currently drinks alcohol    
   No 442 (79.6) 113 (20.4) 1.00 (Reference)
   Yes 45 (67.2) 22 (32.8) 0.82 (0.40, 1.72)
Friend currently drinks alcohol    
   No 340 (88.1) 46 (11.9) 1.00 (Reference)
   Yes 147 (62.3) 89 (37.7) 2.47 (1.50, 4.08)
Used khat within the last 12 months    
   No 477 (82.4) 102 (17.6) 1.00 (Reference)
   Yes 10 (23.3) 33 (76.7) 15.11 (4.24, 53.91)
Ever smoked cigarette    
   No 474 (83.5) 94 (16.6) 1.00 (Reference)
   Yes 13 (24.1) 41 (75.9) 8.65 (3.48, 21.50)
Total, N (%) 487 (78.3) 135 (21.1)  
  1. *Adjusted for sex, age, religion (4 levels), income (4 levels), background, education, alcohol intake of friends and parents, khat and cigarette intake.