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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the students by sex, June 2009

From: Substance use and its predictors among undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia

  Sex  
Characteristics Male, n (%) Female, n (%) Total, n (%)
Age in years    
   15-19 148 (34.7) 77 (39.3) 225 (36.2)
   20-24 265 (62.2) 118 (60.2) 383 (61.6)
   25 or more 13 (3.1) 1 (0.5) 14 (2.3)
Religion    
   Orthodox Christian 264 (62.0) 125 (63.8) 389 (62.5)
   Protestant Christian 83 (19.5) 41 (20.9) 124 (19.9)
   Muslim 61 (14.3) 25 (12.8) 86 (13.8)
   Other 18 (4.2) 5 (2.5) 23 (3.8)
Marital status    
   Never married 415 (97.4) 194 (99.0) 609 (97.9)
   Ever married/cohabiting 11 (2.6) 2(1.0) 13 (2.1)
Completed high school in Addis Ababa    
   Yes 210 (49.3) 166 (84.7) 376 (60.5)
   No 216 (50.7) 30 (15.3) 246 (39.5)
Original background    
   Urban 311 (73.0) 187 (95.4) 498 (80.1)
   Rural 115 (27.0) 9 (4.6) 124 (19.9)
Medical education status    
   Year I 229 (53.8) 83 (42.3) 312 (50.2)
   Year II 89 (20.9) 46 (23.5) 135 (21.7)
   Year III 38 (8.9) 31 (15.8) 69 (11.1)
   Year IV 47 (11.0) 34 (17.3) 81 (13.0)
   Internship 23 (5.4) 2 (1.0) 25 (4.0)
Mother's educational level    
   Illiterate 173 (40.6) 30 (15.3) 203 (32.6)
   Elementary to grade 12 96 (22.5) 36 (18.4) 132 (21.2)
   12th grade complete plus diploma 113 (26.5) 83 (42.3) 196 (31.5)
   First degree or above 44 (10.3) 47 (24.0) 91 (14.6)
Father's educational level    
   Illiterate 138 (32.4) 18 (9.2) 156 (25.1)
   Elementary to grade 12 92 (21.6) 36 (18.4) 128 (20.6)
   12th grade complete plus diploma 90 (21.1) 50 (25.5) 140 (22.5)
   First degree or above 106 (24.9) 92 (46.9) 198 (31.8)
Family's main source of income    
   Government employee 123 (28.9) 67 (34.2) 190 (30.5)
   Business 97 (22.8) 65 (33.2) 162 (26.0)
   Agriculture-based 126 (29.6) 8 (4.1) 134 (21.5)
   NGO/private firm employee 37 (8.7) 40 (20.4) 77 (12.4)
   Other 43 (10.1) 16 (8.2) 59 (9.5)
Total, N (%) 426 (68.5%) 196 (31.5%) 622 (100%)