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Table 3 Measurement items of each specific correlates per EBRB of the Child Questionnaire

From: EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth (ENERGY) project: Design and methodology of the ENERGY cross-sectional survey

  Description Soft drink Fruit juice Breakfast Physical activity/Sports TV viewing
Personal correlates      
Attitude1 Does the child consider the behaviour as 'bad' or 'good' I think that drinking fizzy drinks or fruit squash is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2)) I think that drinking fruit drinks is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2)) I think that eating breakfast is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2)) I think that physical activity/sports is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2)) I think that watching TV is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2))
Knowledge1 Does the child know the recommendation with regard to the behaviour is   I think it is recommended for children my age Not to drink fruit juices at all (1), To drink not more than one glass a day (2), To drink fruit juices as much as you like (3), I don't know what is recommended (4)" I think it is recommended for children my age (to skip breakfast (1), Eat breakfast when you feel like it (2), eat breakfast on schooldays (3) Eat breakfast every day (4). I think it is recommended for children my age (to be active once a week (1), to be active some days a eek (2), to be active every day for 30 minutes (3), to be active every day for 1 hour (4), to be active every day for 2 hours (5), to be active every day for 3 to 4 hours (6). I think it is recommended for children my age (to watch television as often as you like (1), To watch television for more than 2 hours per day (2) To watch television for less than 2 hours per day (3) To watch television for less than 1 hour a day (4) To watch television not more than a few times per week (5) Not to watch television at al (6).
Health beliefs2 Belief of the child in that performing the behaviour would make him/her fat I think that drinking fizzy drinks or fruit squash will make me fat (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2)) I think that drinking fruit juices will make me fat (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2)) 1. I think NOT eating breakfast will make me fat (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2))
2. I think that eating breakfast will make me fat (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2))
I think NOT doing physical activities/sports will make me fat (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2)) I think watching too much television will make me fat (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2))
Preference/liking1 Whether the child likes performing the behaviour or likes the taste of food I like the taste of fizzy drinks or fruit squash (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2))    I like doing physical activity/sports (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2)) I like watching television (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2))
Self-efficacy1 The child's perception of how 'easy' or 'difficult' the behaviour is to perform I find not drinking fizzy drinks or fruit squash... (very difficult (-2) - very easy (+2)).   I find eating breakfast every day... (very difficult (-2) - very easy (+2)). I find doing physical activity/sports for 1 hour everyday... (very difficult (-2) - very easy (+2)). I find NOT watching television... (very difficult (-2) - very easy (+2)).
Automaticity3 extent to which a behaviour is performed automatically Drinking fizzy drinks or fruit squash is something I do without even really thinking about it (I fully disagree (-2) - I fully agree (+2)).   Eating breakfast is something I do without even really thinking about it (I fully disagree (-2) - I fully agree (+2)). Doing physical activity/sports is something I do without even really thinking about it (I fully disagree (-2) - I fully agree (+2)). Watching television is something I do without even really thinking about it (I fully disagree (-2) - I fully agree (+2)).
Family environment      
Social environment      
Parental subjective norm1 Child's believe that parents consider performing the EBRB as 'good' or 'bad' If I drink fizzy drinks or fruit squash my parents/caregivers think this is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2))   If I eat breakfast my parents/caregivers think this is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2)) If I do physical activity/sports my parents/caregivers think this is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2)) 1. If I watch television my parents/caregivers think this is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2))
Parent modelling1 Perceived behaviour performed by parent How often do your parents/caregivers drink fizzy drinks or fruit squash? (Never (-2)- Always (+2))   How often do your parents/caregivers eat breakfast? (Never (-2)- Always (+2)) How often do your parents/caregivers do physical activity/sports? (Never (-2)- Always (+2)) How often do your parents/caregivers watch television? (Never (-2)- Always (+2))
Performing the ERBR together1. Frequency score of how often the child performs the behaviour together with his/her parent/caregiver    How often do you eat breakfast with your parents/caregivers? (Never (-2) - Every day (+2)). How often do you take part in physical activity/do sports with your parents/caregivers? (Never (-2) - Every day (+2)). How often do you watch television with your parents/caregivers? (Never (0)- Every day, more than once a day (14))
Active encouragement/parental support1 Perceived encouragement/support from parent in performing the behaviour    My parents/caregivers encourage me to have breakfast. (I fully disagree (-2) - I fully agree (+2)). My parents/caregivers encourage me to do physical activity/sports. (I fully disagree (-2) - I fully agree (+2)).  
Parental support1      My parents/caregivers help me if I need something for my sports. (I fully disagree (-2) - I fully agree (+2)).  
Political environment      
parental practices1 Family rules with regard to the behaviour perceived by child 1. I am allowed to take fizzy drinks or fruit squash, whenever I want (Never (-2) - Always (+2)).
2. Do your parents/caregivers have rules about how many fizzy drinks or fruit squash you are allowed to drink (No (0) - Yes (1)).
3. If you ask your parents/caregivers to buy a certain brand of fizzy drink or fruit squash, will they do it? (Never (-2)- Always (+2),
4. If I ask my parents/caregivers for a fizzy drink or fruit squash, I get one. (Never (-2) - Always (+2)).
1. I am allowed to take fruit juices, whenever I want (Never (-2) - Always (+2)).
2. Do your parents/caregivers have rules about how many fruit juices you are allowed to drink (No (0) - Yes (1)).
1. Do your parents/caregivers have rules about whether you should eat breakfast? (No (0) - Yes (1)).
2. If you ask your parents/caregivers to buy a certain band of food or drink for breakfast, will she do it? (Never (-2) - Always (+2)).
1. Do your parents/caregivers have rules about whether you should be physically active/do sports? (No (0) - Yes (1)).
2. Do your parents/caregivers allow you to take part in physical activity/do sports? (No (0) - Yes (1)).
3. If you indicate that you like a certain physical activity/sports will your parents/caregivers allow you to do it? (Never (-2) - Always (+2)).
1. Do your parents/caregivers have rules about how many hours per day you are allowed to watch television? (No (0) - Yes (1)).
2. My parents/caregivers allow me to watch television, whenever I want (I fully disagree (-2) - I fully agree (+2)).
3. If I ask my parents/caregivers to watch television, I can do so. (Never (-2)- Always (+2))
Physical environment      
Situation specific habit1 Situations in which the behaviour is performed I which situations do you usually drink fizzy drinks or fruit squash (Thick boxes: During the weekend, breakfast, lunch, dinner, at school, while watching TV, as a thirst quencher between meals, during/after sports, when I am with friends, at birthday/parties, I never drink fuzzy drinks or fruit squash) I which situations do you usually drink fruit juices (Thick boxes: During weekend, breakfast, lunch, dinner, at school, while watching TV, as a thirst quencher between meals, during/after sports, when I am with friends, at birthday/parties, I never drink fruit juices) I which situations do you usually eat breakfast (Thick boxes: At a set table at home, In bed, While watching TV, on my way to school, at school before the class starts, I never eat breakfast).   How often do you watch television during meals? (Never (-2) - Always (+2)).
Home availability1 Availability of food products or equipments Are there usually fizzy drinks or fruit squash at your home? Are there usually fruit juices at your home? (Never (-2) - Always (+2)). Are there usually breakfast products (milk, cereals, bread etc) at your home? (Never (-2) - Always (+2)). Do you have the following things at home that you can use for physical activities/sports? (Thick boxes: bike, Tennis and/or badminton racket, ball (basketball, volleyball, football etc), sporting shoes, skipping rope, skates, skis, skate board Do you have a television in your bedroom? (No (0) - Yes (1)).
Economic environment      
Pocket money4 Spending pocket money on food products How often do you spend your own money on fizzy drinks or fruit squash? (Never (-2) - Always (+2)).     
Pricing4 Consequences of increasing prices of food products If the price of fizzy drinks and fruit squash were doubles, I would buy less fizzy drinks or fruit squash from my own money (I fully disagree (-2)- I fully agree (+2)).     
School environment      
Social environment      
Peer subjective norm1 Child's believe that peers consider performing the EBRB as 'good' or 'bad' If I drink fizzy drinks or fruit squash most of my friends think this is (very bad (-2) - very good (+2)).   If I eat breakfast most of my friends think this is (very bad (-2) - very good (+2)). If I do physical activity/sports most of my friends think this is (very bad (-2) - very good (+2)). If I watch television most of my friends think this is (very bad (-2)- very good (+2))
Peer modelling 1 Perceived behaviour performed by friends How often do most of your friends drink fizzy drinks or fruit squash? (Never (-2)- Always (+2))   How often do most of your friends eat breakfast? (Never (-2)- Always (+2)) How often do most of your friends do physical activity/sports? (Never (-2)- Always (+2)) How often do most of your friends watch television? (Never (-2)- Always (+2))
  1. 1. Item derived from the ProChildren study [18]; 2 Item derived from DOiT study [16]3 Item derived from Habit Strength Index [27], 4Items derived from Vogt-Nielsen et al. 2010 [22]