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Table 1 Descriptive measures of independents variables by age groups and comparisons (chi square) for good Self-Rated Health (SRH)

From: Lifestyle and self-rated health: a cross-sectional study of 3,601 citizens of Athens, Greece

Age groups 15-29
(N = 1,360)
30-49
(N = 1,122)
50+
(N = 1,119)
Variables %N Good SRH
(%)
F value (df) %N Good SRH
%
F value (df) %N Good SRH
(%)
F value (df)
Socio-demographic          
Sex    7.03(1)    16.81 (1)    22.74(1)
Male 44.3 98.5**   42.2 95.6**   46.5 81.5**  
Female 55.7 95.9   57.8 88.4   53.5 68.9  
Marital status    0.31 (1)    0.11 (1)    5.03 (1)
Married 32.8 97.5   41.6 91   38.8 78.6*  
Unmarried 67.2 96.8   58.4 91.8   61.2 72.4  
Socio-economic          
Education (years)    0.98 (1)    13.49 (1)    8.08 (1)
Less than 12 43.6 96.5   66.7 89.2**   83 73.3**  
More than 12 56.4 97.5   33.3 96   17 83.6  
Occupational status    0.98 (1)    0.41 (1)    0.91 (1)
Employed 94.7 97.2   98.2 91.6   99.5 74.7  
Unemployed 5.3 94.4   1.8 85   0.5 100  
Health insurance agency    0.02 (1)    2.29 (1)    1.02 (1)
All others 45.2 96.9   46.4 92.9   47.5 76.3  
IKA 54.8 97.2   53.6 90.2   52.5 73.5  
Home surface/person    0.0 (1)    3.91 (1)    0.01 (1)
> 25.5 46.2 97.1   45.5 93.3*   58.4 74.6  
≤ 25.5 53.8 97   54.5 89.9   41.6 75.1  
Disease-related          
Health care use (last year)    6.35 (1)    25.83 (1)    43.33 (1)
No 60.4 98.1*   46.1 96.1**   30.3 87.9**  
Yes 39.6 95.5   53.9 87.4   69.7 69.1  
Daily physical symptoms    4.47 (1)    6.35 (1)    30.19 (1)
No 22.5 99*   14.3 96.9*   9.6 97.2**  
Yes 77.5 96.5   85.7 90.5   90.4 72.4  
Disease status    23.36(2)    109.74 (2)    168.6 (2)
Healthy 65.8 98.7**   55.6 97.6**   29.8 93.3**  
At least one chronic disease 26 94.7   24.3 91.5   27.8 84.4  
Comorbidity 8.2 92.5   20.1 74.2   42.4 55.3  
Food consumption          
Meat (times/week)    0.58 (1)    0.41 (1)    0.46 (1)
0-1 21.4 96.2   16.9 90   27 73.2  
2 or more 78.6 97.3   83.1 91.7   73 75.4  
Vegetable (times/week)    0.0 (1)    0.01 (1)    0.0 (1)
7 28.5 97.2   35.2 91.6   43.8 74.9  
6 or less 71.5 97   64.8 91.3   56.2 74.7  
Fruit (times/week)    1.39 (1)    0.0 (1)    0.79 (1)
7 35 97.9   46.9 91.4   59.5 75.8  
6 or less 65 96.6   53.1 91.4   40.5 73.3  
Legume (times/week)    0.01 (1)    8.9 (1)    7.14 (1)
At least 1 85.7 97   93.9 92.1**   94.5 75.7**  
No consumption 14.3 97.4   6.1 80.9   5.5 59.7  
Fish (times/week)    2.4 (1)    1.49 (1)    0.3 (1)
At least 2 18 98.8   21.7 89.3   34.1 75.9  
1 or no consumption 82 96.7   78.3 92   65.9 74.2  
Lifestyle          
Smoking    7.26 (3)    8.26 (3)    8.47 (3)
No 50.7 98.3   38.3 94*   54.3 73.5*  
Past 2.8 94.7   8.2 88   17.4 69.7  
Light (≤ 20 cigarettes) 37.4 95.9   34.3 91.4   17.8 80.9  
Heavy (> 20 cigarettes) 9.1 96   19.2 87.9   10.5 79.5  
Exercise (> 1 hour/week)    2.26 (1)    0.03 (1)    0.0 (1)
Yes 64.9 97.6   56 91.2   52.9 74.8  
No 35.1 96   44 91.7   47.1 74.8  
Alcohol (glasses/week)    0.02 (1)    0.65 (1)    8.85 (1)
7 or less 88.1 97   80.7 91.1   81.1 72.9**  
Above 7 11.9 97.5   19.3 93.1   18.9 83  
BMI categories    2.43 (2)    9.27 (2)    14.4 (2)
Normal 80 97.3   48.6 92.8*   31 79.4**  
Over weight 16.7 96.9   39 92   46.9 76.4  
Obese 3.3 93.3   12.4 84.8   22.1 66  
Sleep satisfaction    4.51 (1)    25.45(1)    66.43 (1)
Yes 69 97.8*   70 94.3**   73.6 81.2**  
No 31 95.5   30 84.9   26.4 56.9  
Midday sleep    4.72 (2)    5.01 (2)    2.82 (2)
No 34 96.1   32.3 89.5   22.9 76.6  
Always 11.8 95.6   19.3 89.9   33.5 71.7  
Occasionally 54.2 98   48.4 93.4   43.6 76.2  
Religiosity    0.0 (1)    3.24 (1)    1.78 (1)
Yes 4 96.4   5.8 84.6   23.5 71.5  
No 96 97.1   94.2 91.9   76.5 75.8  
  1. **p < 0.01 *0.01 ≤ p < 0.05 (chi square)