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Table 4 Individual, behavioural, psycho-social, and environmental correlates of active school transports in secondary school students

From: Mode shifting in school travel mode: examining the prevalence and correlates of active school transport in Ontario, Canada

  To school     From school    
  Unadjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI Unadjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Socio- demographic         
Grade         
   Grade 9 1   1   1   1  
   Grade 10 0.96 0.69-1.35 0.95 0.67-1.35 0.97 0.72-1.31 1.03 0.73-1.44
   Grade 11 1.08 0.76-1.53 1.14 0.77-1.69 1.15 0.80-1.65 1.26 0.81-1.97
   Grade 12 0.70 0.49-1.00 0.71 0.48-1.05 0.73 0.53-1.01 0.83 0.56-1.24
Sex         
   Boys 1   1   1   1  
   Girls 0.70* 0.52-0.94 0.66** 0.49-0.89 0.79 0.60-1.03 0.74* 0.55-0.99
Weight status         
   Normal weight 1   1   1   1  
Overweight/
Obese
1.02 0.76-1.36 0.99 0.74-1.33 0.94 0.73-1.21 0.94 0.70-1.27
Behavioural         
MVPA         
   0-4 day/wk 1   1   1   1  
   ≥5 days/wk 1.41* 1.04-1.90 1.39* 1.01-1.90 1.27 0.98-1.66 1.21 0.90-1.62
Smoking in the past 12 months         
   Did not smoke      1   1  
   Occasional/regular smoker      0.74* 0.56-0.98 0.76 0.56-1.03
Part-time job         
   Did not work outside home 1   1   1   1  
   1-5 hours/wk 0.72 0.48-1.07 0.76 0.52-1.11 0.67** 0.47-0.97 0.80 0.57-1.11
   ≥6 hours/wk 0.58** 0.41-0.81 0.65* 0.45-0.93 0.55*** 0.41-0.75 0.62** 0.44-0.86
Psychological         
Decision-making on mode choice         
Never/rarely/
sometimes
-     1   1  
Often/always - -    1.57** 1.21-2.05 1.52** 1.13-2.04
Parents don't know where their children are in free time away from home         
   Always/usually 1   1      
   Sometimes/seldom/never 1.43* 1.00-2.04 1.36 0.94-1.97     
Environmental         
Travelled to/from school         
   0-15 minutes 1   1   1   1  
   16-30 minutes 0.91 0.63-1.33 0.84 0.59-1.19 0.92 0.66-1.28 0.95 0.67-1.34
   ≥31 minutes 0.24*** 0.14-0.40 0.23*** 0.13-0.38 0.60** 0.42-0.85 0.72 0.51-1.03
Living in urban area         
Rural -     1   1  
Urban - -    3.17** 1.48-6.78 2.67* 1.22-5.82
Regions         
   Toronto 1   1   1   1  
   North 0.54 0.28-1.05 0.70 0.37-1.30 0.46* 0.22-0.94 0.58 0.28-1.25
   West 0.60* 0.37-0.96 0.69 0.42-1.13 0.62 0.36-1.08 0.93 0.52-1.62
   East 0.64 0.40-1.03 0.78 0.47-1.28 0.67 0.40-1.13 0.93 0.53-1.63
Catholic school         
   No 1   1   -    
   Yes 0.69* 0.48-0.98 0.75 0.53-1.04 - -   
Changing school in the last five years         
   No 1   1   1   1  
   Yes 1.39* 1.03-1.84 1.19 0.87-1.63 1.44** 1.10-1.88 1.35 0.99-1.82
Moving home in the last five years         
   No 1   1   1   1  
   Yes 1.37** 1.10-1.72 1.33* 1.05-1.70 1.27* 1.02-1.58 1.11 0.86-1.43
  1. *** p < 0.001;** p < 0.01;* p < 0.05
  2. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval. Only the unadjusted and adjusted ORs and CIs of variables are included in the final models reported in this table.