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Table 7 Factors associated with receipt of iron across rural India: National Family Health Study-3 data

From: Factors Influencing Receipt of Iron Supplementation by Young Children and their Mothers in Rural India: Local and National Cross-Sectional Studies

  Antenatal iron supplements received by mother Iron supplements currently received by children
Factor Odds Ratio [95% CI] P Odds Ratio [95% CI] P
Univariate logistic regression
Wealth quintile 1.51 [1.44, 1.57] < 0.001 1.35 [1.26,1.45] < 0.001
Maternal education     
0 years Reference   Reference  
Primary 2.58 [2.30, 2.89] < 0.001 1.76 [1.36, 2.28] < 0.001
Secondary 4.11 [3.66, 4.61] < 0.001 2.41 [1.96, 2.96] < 0.001
Higher 14.00 [8.87, 22.08] < 0.001 3.80 [2.61, 5.52] < 0.001
Child's sex (male = 1) 0.98 [0.91, 1.05] 0.516 1.10 [0.95, 1.26] 0.191
Literate mother1 1.94 [1.84, 2.05] < 0.001 1.47 [1.34, 1.61] < 0.001
Birth order 0.78 [-.77, 0.80] < 0.001 0.85 [0.81, 0.89] < 0.001
Religion/Caste2     
Hindu, non SC/ST 1.21 [1.08, 1.34] = 0.001 1.31 [1.09, 1.57] = 0.005
Scheduled Caste 0.95 [0.85, 1.07] = 0.418 0.71 [0.55, 0.92] = 0.008
Scheduled Tribe 1.04 [0.88, 1.23] = 0.657 1.06 [0.82, 1.38] = 0.651
Muslim 0.74 [0.62, 0.87] < 0.001 0.82 [0.61, 1.09] = 0.167
Antenatal health worker visits (OR per visit) 1.77 [1.70, 1.85] < 0.001 1.02 [1.01, 1.02] < 0.001
Antenatal iron received by mother N/A N/A 3.02 [2.32, 3.93] < 0.001
Postnatal iron received by mother Not measured   Not measured  
Blood test during pregnancy 2.36 [2.10, 2.64] < 0.001 2.50 [2.02, 3.10] < 0.001
Services accessed:     
Anganwadi Centre3 2.03 [1.79, 2.30] < 0.001 1.79 [1.47, 2.19] < 0.001
Child vaccinated4 2.03 [1.73, 2.38] < 0.001 1.28 [0.84, 1.94] = 0.244
Multiple logistic regression 5
Wealth quintile -   1.12 [1.02, 1.23] = 0.019
Maternal education     
0 years Reference   Reference  
Primary 1.60 [1.34, 1.91] < 0.001 1.47 [1.02, 2.11] = 0.039
Secondary 1.53 [1.31, 1.79] < 0.001 2.15 [1.17, 3.97] = 0.014
Higher 5.20 [2.65, 10.22] < 0.001 3.17 [1.56, 6.44] = 0.001
Literate mother1 -   0.74 [0.57, 0.97] = 0.030
Birth Order -   -  
Religion/Caste2     
Hindu, non SC/ST -   -  
Scheduled Caste -   -  
Scheduled Tribe -   -  
Muslim 0.75 [0.62, 0.91] = 0.003 -  
Antenatal health worker visits (OR per visit) -   -  
Antenatal iron supplementation given to mother N/A   2.24 [1.56, 3.22] < 0.001
Blood test during pregnancy 2.06 [1.78, 2.38] < 0.001 1.86 [1.47, 2.37] < 0.001
Services accessed:     
Anganwadi Centre3 1.79 [1.51, 2.12] < 0.001 1.47 [1.20, 1.80] < 0.001
Child Vaccinated4 1.28 [1.06, 1.54] = 0.010 -  
  1. 1Literacy defined as 0 = cannot read, 1 = can read part of a sentence, 2 = can read complete sentence; visually impaired mothers excluded.
  2. 2SC = Scheduled Caste; ST = Scheduled Tribe. Logistic regression performed for each category.
  3. 3Mother's use of Anganwadi in the last 3 months.
  4. 4Child ever had a vaccination
  5. 5Multiple regression coefficients only displayed for variables found to be significantly associated; variables not associated indicated with '-'.