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Table 3 Factors associated with mother receiving iron supplementation during pregnancy (univariate logistic regression)

From: Factors Influencing Receipt of Iron Supplementation by Young Children and their Mothers in Rural India: Local and National Cross-Sectional Studies

Factor Total Population Iron supplements received
(345/375)
Iron supplements not received (30/375)   p
  N Prevalence n (% [95% CI]), Mean [95% CI], or Median [Range] N Prevalence n (% [95% CI]), Mean [95% CI], or Median [Range] N Prevalence n (% [95% CI]), Mean [95% CI], or Median [Range] Odds Ratio [95% CI] for receipt of iron  
Wealth quintile 1, 4         
Quintile 1 375 69 (18.4 [14.4, 22.4]) 69 56 (81.2 [71.7, 90.6]) 69 13 (18.8 [71.7, 90.6]) 1.00 (Reference)  
Quintile 2 375 66 (17.6 [13.7, 21.4]) 66 61 (92.4 [85.9, 99.0]) 66 5 (7.6 [1.0, 14.1]) 2.83 [0.95, 8.45] 0.062
Quintile 3 375 86 (22.9 [18.7, 27.2]) 86 80 (93.0 [87.5, 98.5]) 86 6 (7.0 [1.5, 12.4]) 2.65 [1.0, 7.07] 0.051
Quintile 4 375 75 (20.0 [15.9, 24.1]) 75 75 (93.3 [87.6, 99.1]) 75 5 (6.7 [0.9, 12.4]) 3.25 [1.09, 9.66] 0.034
Quintile 5 375 79 (21.1 [16.9, 25.2]) 79 78 (98.7 [96.2, 100.0]) 79 1 (1.3 [0.0, 3.7]) 18.57 [2.36, 146.06] 0.005
Mother's age (years) 2 374 23.2 [22.8, 23.6] 342 23.2 [22.8, 23.5] 31 23.9 [22.0, 25.8] 0.95 per year [0.87, 1.04] 0.275
Child's age (months) 2 401 17.2 [16.8, 17.5] 343 17.0 [16.7, 17.4] 31 17.8 [16.3, 19.2] 0.94 per month [0.84, 1.04] 0.251
Maternal Education 1         
0 375 89 (23.7 [19.4, 28.1]) 89 80 (89.9 [83.5, 96.3]) 89 9 (10.1 [3.7, 16.5]) 1.00 (Reference)  
1-6 years 375 46 (12.3 [8.9, 15.6]) 46 43 (93.5 [86.1, 100.0]) 46 3 (6.5 [0, 13.9]) 1.61 [0.42, 6.27] 0.491
7-9 years 375 117 (31.2 [26.5, 25.9]) 117 107 (91.5 [86.3, 96.6]) 107 10 (8.5 [3.4, 13.7]) 1.20 [0.47, 3.10] 0.701
10 years 375 97 (25.9 [21.4, 30.3]) 97 90 (92.8 [87.5, 98.0]) 97 7 (7.2 [2.0, 12.5]) 1.446 [0.52, 4.06] 0.484
11+ years 375 26 (6.9 [4.4, 9.5]) 26 25 (96.2 [88.2, 100.0]) 26 1 (3.8 [0, 11.8]) 2.7 [0.33, 22.39] 0.358
Literate mother 1 373 259 (69.4 [64.7, 74.1]) 259 241 (93.1 [89.9, 96.2]) 259 18 (6.9 [3.8,10.1]) 1.58 [0.73, 3.39] 0.245
Birth order 3 377 2 [1, 5] 344 2 [1, 5] 31 1 [1, 4] 0.90 [0.58, 1.41] 0.634
Religion/Caste 1         
Hindu, non SC/ST 5 374 198 (52.9 [47.9, 58.0]) 198 190 (96.0 [93.2, 98.7]) 198 8 (4.0 [1.3, 6.8]) 1.00 (Reference)  
Scheduled Caste 374 97 (25.9 [21.5, 30.4]) 97 85 (87.6 [81.0, 94.3]) 97 12 (12.4 [5.7, 19.0]) 0.30 [0.12, 0.76] 0.011
Scheduled Tribe 374 58 (15.6 [11.8, 19.2]) 58 52 (89.7 [81.6, 97.7]) 58 6 (10.3 [2.3, 18.4]) 0.7 [0.12, 1.09] 0.073
Muslim 374 21 (5.6 [3.3, 8.0]) 21 17 (81.0 [62.6, 99.3]) 21 4 (19.1 [0.7, 37.4]) 0.18 [0.05, 0.66] 0.009
Number of antenatal health worker visits 1,6         
Quintile 1 374 69 (18.5 [14.5, 22.4]) 69 57 (82.6 [73.4, 91.8]) 69 12 (17.3 [8.2, 26.6]) Reference  
Quintile 2 374 53 (14.2 [10.6, 17.7]) 53 46 (86.8 [77.4, 96.2]) 53 7 (13.2 [3.8, 22.6]) 1.38 [0.50, 3.80] 0.529
Quintile 3 374 40 (10.7 [7.6, 13.8]) 40 39 (97.5 [92.4, 100.0]) 40 1 (2.5 [0.0, 7.6]) 8.21 [1.02, 65.74] 0.047
Quintile 4 374 118 (31.6 [26.8, 36.3]) 118 109 (92.3 [87.5, 97.2]) 118 9 (7.6 [2.8, 12.5]) 2.55 [1.01, 6.41] 0.047
Quintile 5 374 94 (25.1 [20.7, 29.6]) 94 93 (98.9 [96.8, 100.0]) 94 1 (1.1 [0.0, 3.2]) 19.59 [2.48, 154.61] 0.005
Postnatal health worker visit 1 369 167 (45.3 [40.2, 50.4]) 167 164 (98.2 [96.2, 100.0]) 167 3 (1.8 [0.0, 3.8]) 8.43 [2.51, 28.33] 0.001
Iron supplementation given post pregnancy 1 369 86 (23.3 [19.0, 27.6]) 86 84 (97.7 [94.4, 100.0]) 86 2 (2.3 [0.0, 5.6]) 4.61 [1.08, 19.78] 0.040
Blood test during pregnancy 1 373 291 (78.0 [73.8, 82.2]) 291 276 (94.9 [92.3, 97.4]) 291 15 (5.2 [2.6, 7.7]) 4.12 [1.92, 8.84] < 0.001
  1. 1Prevalence: n (% [95% CI])
  2. 2Mean [95% CI]
  3. 3Median [range]
  4. 4Wealth index: Quintile 1: 2-8 Quintile 2: 9-12; Quintile 3: 13-18; Quintile 4: 19-26; Quintile 27-62.
  5. 5SC = Scheduled Caste, ST = Scheduled Tribe
  6. 6Number of antenatal health worker visits: Quintile 1: 1-3; Quintile 2: 4; Quintile 3: 5; Quintile 4: 6-7; Quintile 8-9.