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Table 4 Socioeconomic class and high service use: odds-ratios for alternative morbidity adjustment models

From: Assessing socioeconomic health care utilization inequity in Israel: impact of alternative approaches to morbidity adjustment

Adults with Social Security Waiver (vs. all other adults) Above average number of primary care visits Above average number of specialist visits Above average number of diagnostic tests One or more hospitalizations
Model A: Adjusting for age and gender
   Odds ratio (95% CI) 1.92
(1.87-1.97)
1.13
(1.10-1.57)
1.11
(1.08-1.37)
1.67
(1.62-1.73)
Model B: Adjusting for age, gender and the Charlson Comorbidity Index
   Odds ratio (95% CI) 1.62
(1.58-1.66)
1.04
(1.01-1.06)
1.05
(1.03-1.08)
1.38
(1.33-1.42)
Model C: Adjusting for age, gender, and morbidity using ADG categories
   Odds ratio (95% CI) 1.64
(1.60-1.69)
0.95
(0.94-0.99)
0.91
(0.86-0.96)
1.24
(1.20-1.29)
  1. ADG: Aggregate Diagnostic Groups (dummy variables, non-mutually exclusive).
  2. CI: Confidence Interval