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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Emotional impact of screening: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Disease and Disease risk Assessment method First Author
Reference Number
Measures
(scale)
Groups (n) Follow-up Country
Screening for presence of Disease     
Abdominal Aortic
Aneurysms (AAA)
Abdominal
Ultrasound
Ashton[24] State anxiety (STAIa),
Depression (HADSb),
QoL (SF-36)
Not-screened (726), Screened (1230), Screen +ve (599), Screen -ve (631) 6 weeks UK
   Type II diabetes Random glucose blood test Eborall[25] State anxiety (STAIa), Depression (HADSb), QoL (SF-36) Not-screened (444), Screened (2874), Screen +ve (880), Screen -ve (1687) 12-15
months
UK
   Park[30] State anxiety (STAIa), QoL (SF-36) Not-screened (168), Screened (64) 6 weeks UK
   Osteoporosis Bone mineral density measurement Torgerson[26] State anxiety (STAIa), QoL (SF-36) Not-screened (605), Invited (611) 2 years UK
   Colorectal Cancer Faecal occult
blood test
Parker[27] General Distress - Suicide Not-screened (74,998), Invited(75,253) 14 years UK
   Whynes[29] QoL (NHPd) Not-Screened (396), Screened (821) 5 months UK
   Ovarian Cancer CA-125 blood test, transvaginal sonography Andersen[32] QoL (SF-36) Not-Screened (139), Screened (128) 2 years USA
Disease and Disease risk Assessment method First Author
Reference Number
Measures
(scale)
Groups (n) Follow-up Country
Screening for presence of Disease cont.     
   Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Digital rectal exam & PSA test (men), CA-125 blood test & transvaginal ultrasound (women), chest x- ray, flexible sigmoidoscopy. Taylor [31] QoL (SF-12) Not-screened (217), Screened (215), Screen +ve (105), Screen -ve (61) 12 months USA
   Peptic Ulcer Helicobacter
pylori blood test.
Hansen [28] QoL (SF-36) Not-screened (5,612),
Screened (4,821)
5 years Denmark
Risk Assessment
   Lung Cancer Genotyping
(GSTM1 gene)
Sanderson[33] Depression, State Anxiety (HADSb) Not-screened (18), Screened (43), Screen +ve (23),
Screen -ve (20)
1 week, 2
months
UK
   McBride[34] Depression
(CES-De)
EUC (115), Biomarker Feedback (236) 12 months USA
Coronary Heart
Disease (CHD)
Additional risk factor for CHD Christiansen[35] General Distress (GHQc-12) Not-screened (396), Screened (904) 5 years Denmark
  1. a State, Trait, Anxiety Inventory; b Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; c General Health Questionnaire; d Nottingham Health Profile; e Centre for
  2. Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.