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Table 3 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% CIs for the associations of occupational stress factors with skin disorder categories adjusted for age, gender, occupation, glove use, and probable atopy

From: Are skin disorders related to work strain in hospital workers? A cross-sectional study

  Skin complaints -12 month prevalence Skin disorders- point prevalence
Job characteristics Hand complaints
(436 cases)
Complaints in other parts
(604 cases)
Any complaint
(730 cases)
Hand dermatitis
(138 cases)
Dermatitis in other parts
(100 cases)
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)   
  Model Ia Model I Model I Model I Model I
Job demands 1.06 (1.01 - 1.10) 1.10 (1.05 - 1.14) 1.09 (1.05 - 1.14) 1.09 (1.02-1.18) 1.11 (1.02-1.20)
Social support 0.92 (0.89 - 0.95) 0.93 (0.89 - 0.96) 0.92 (0.89 - 0.95) 0.88 (0.84-0.93) 0.91 (0.86-0.97)
High strain 1.36 (1.04 -1.78) 1.67 (1.30 -2.14) 1.53 (1.19 -1.95) 1.65 (1.11-2.45) 1.78 (1.14-2.79)
High iso-strain 1.36 (1.01 - 1.83) 1.72 (1.31 - 2.26) 1.58 (1.20 - 2.07) 1.73 (1.14-2.63) 2.25 (1.42-3.57)
  Model IIb Model II Model II Model II Model II
Job demands 1.06 (1.01 - 1.11) 1.10 (1.05 - 1.14) 1.09 (1.05 - 1.14) 1.10 (1.02-1.18) 1.10 (1.02-1.20)
Social support 0.92 (0.89 - 0.95) 0.93 (0.90 - 0.96) 0.92 (0.89 - 0.95) 0.88 (0.84-0.93) 0.92 (0.87-0.97)
High strain 1.37 (1.04 -1.78) 1.66 (1.29 -2.20) 1.51 (1.18 -1.93) 1.65 (1.11-2.45) 1.76 (1.13-2.76)
High iso-strain 1.38 (1.03-1.85) 1.72 (1.31 - 2.26) 1.57 (1.90 - 2.07) 1.75 (1.15-2.65) 2.23 (1.41-3.53)
  Model IIIc Model III Model III Model III Model III
Job demands 1.05 (1.00 - 1.10) 1.09 (1.05 - 1.14) 1.09 (1.05 - 1.13) 1.08 (1.01-1.17) 1.09 (1.01-1.19)
Social support 0.92 (0.89 - 0.96) 0.93 (0.90 - 0.96) 0.92 (0.89 - 0.96) 0.89 (0.84-0.94) 0.92 (0.87-0.98)
High strain 1.32 (1.01 - 1.73) 1.63 (1.27 - 2.09) 1.49 (1.16 - 1.90) 1.57 (1.06-2.35) 1.70 (1.08-2.66)
High iso-strain 1.32 (0.98 - 1.77) 1.67 (1.27 - 2.20) 1.53 (1.16 - 2.02) 1.64 (1.08-2.51) 2.13 (1.34-3.39)
  1. aModel I was additionally adjusted for depression; bModel II was additionally adjusted for anxiety; cModel III was additionally adjusted for both depression and anxiety.