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Table 5 Multivariate analysis of determinants of full vaccination among children aged 12-23 months

From: Childhood vaccination in informal urban settlements in Nairobi, Kenya: Who gets vaccinated?

  Assets Expenditure
  With OPV-0 Without OPV-0 With OPV-0 Without OPV-0
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Poverty 1.992** [1.314,3.018] 1.821* [1.107,2.996] 1.005** [1.002,1.008] 1.004* [1.000,1.007]
Ethnicity (Ref: Kikuyu)         
   Luhya 0.529*** [0.384,0.728] 0.743 [0.542,1.018] 0.538*** [0.390,0.742] 0.753 [0.549,1.030]
   Luo 0.546*** [0.392,0.760] 0.885 [0.638,1.227] 0.549*** [0.392,0.767] 0.888 [0.639,1.234]
   Kamba 0.833 [0.614,1.131] 1.074 [0.784,1.471] 0.845 [0.621,1.150] 1.085 [0.791,1.489]
   Others 0.664* [0.482,0.916] 0.795 [0.575,1.098] 0.688* [0.498,0.951] 0.809 [0.584,1.119]
Place of delivery (Ref: Home)         
   Health facility 1.258 [0.990,1.597] 1.028 [0.812,1.301] 1.274* [1.002,1.619] 1.035 [0.817,1.311]
Mother's education (Ref: Incomplete primary/No education)       
   Completed primary 1.3024* [1.011,1.676] 1.224 [0.957,1.565] 1.311* [1.017,1.689] 1.23 [0.961,1.573]
   Secondary + 1.3089 [0.976,1.754] 1.262 [0.943,1.687] 1.334 [0.994,1.790] 1.277 [0.954,1.709]
Mother's age (Ref: <20)         
   20-24 1.4831* [1.057,2.079] 1.539* [1.102,2.150] 1.512* [1.077,2.123] 1.556** [1.114,2.175]
   25-29 1.7599** [1.181,2.622] 1.705** [1.148,2.533] 1.798** [1.205,2.683] 1.722** [1.158,2.561]
   30+ 1.7307* [1.115,2.686] 1.748* [1.132,2.700] 1.760* [1.132,2.738] 1.764* [1.141,2.727]
Parity (Ref: Parity 1)         
   Parity 2 0.658** [0.500,0.867] 0.606*** [0.458,0.802] 0.653** [0.496,0.861] 0.604*** [0.456,0.795]
   Parity 3 0.5634*** [0.408,0.776] 0.520*** [0.376,0.719] 0.561*** [0.406,0.774] 0.518*** [0.374,0.718]
Antenatal care (Ref: No ANC)         
   Seen a Doctor 1.5036 [0.721,3.132] 1.383 [0.697,2.744] 1.597 [0.765,3.333] 1.448 [0.729,2.878]
   Seen a Nurse 1.5503 [0.782,3.070] 1.482 [0.791,2.779] 1.578 [0.796,3.126] 1.494 [0.797,2.802]
Postnatal care (Ref: No postnatal        
   Postnatal care 1.1391 [0.693,1.872] 1.376 [0.849,2.229] 1.122 [0.680,1.851] 1.362 [0.839,2.210]
Sex (Ref: Male)         
   Female 1.0698 [0.876,1.305] 1.005 [0.824,1.229] 1.068 [0.875,1.304] 1.004 [0.823,1.224]
AIC 2280.46   2300.48   2279.53   2299.88  
n 1735   1735   1735   1735  
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001. All values are adjusted odds ratios [95% confidence intervals].