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Table 2 Caregiver perceptions of reproductive health for women with ID

From: Caregiver awareness of reproductive health issues for women with intellectual disabilities

Items of perception Correct responders n (%)
Menstrual perception  
   Self medication is the best way to relieve menstrual pain (n = 1144) (R) 1098 (96.0)
   Appropriate exercise is allowed during menstrual period (n = 1137) 1005 (88.4)
   The large amount of menstrual flow in the first three days is normal (n = 1140) 996 (87.4)
   It is abnormal to menstruate before 16 years of age (n = 1131) 711 (62.9)
   Menstrual pain is a symptom of reproductive diseases (n = 1131) (R) 716 (63.3)
Sex education  
   It is not a crime to have sex with children under 16 years of age (n = 1145) (R) 1104 (96.4)
   It does not get pregnant to have one sex intercourse (n = 1145) (R) 1101 (96.2)
   A vaginal douche after sex can avoid pregnancy (n = 1143) (R) 1000 (87.5)
   Using condoms during sex intercourse can prevent getting STDs (n = 1136) 920 (81.0)
   Masturbation will cause impotence or frigidity (n = 1137) (R) 893 (78.5)
Menopause perception  
   Hormonal fluctuations will cause physical or mental issues during perimenopause (n = 1139) 1103 (96.8)
   Menopause is a natural process and not a disease (n = 1146) 1098 (95.8)
   Women can adjust or stop hormone replacement medication during perimenopause without consultation with their doctor (n = 1141) (R) 1083 (94.9)
   Menopausal women face a high risk of osteoporosis (n = 1143) 1057 (92.5)
   A high fat, low fiber and calcium diet are recommended during perimenopause (n = 1137) (R) 870 (76.5)
Preventive health services  
   Monthly self breast exams are necessary to prevent cancer (n = 1147) 1089 (94.9)
   Regular Pap smear tests are necessary even if you have PVC vaccinations (n = 1145) 1076 (94.0)
   Regular Pap smear tests depend on the needs of women aged over 30 years (n = 1143) (R) 1011 (88.5)
   There is a free breast mammography service available every 2 years for women aged 45-69 years (n = 1141) 820 (71.9)
   There is a free health exam service available every 3 years for women aged 40-64 years (n = 1133) 761 (67.2)
  1. Items followed by (R) are reverse scored.