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Table 5 Quit attempts, receiving advice and knowledge of NRT among smokers in Ghana

From: Support for smoke-free policy, and awareness of tobacco health effects and use of smoking cessation therapy in a developing country

Characteristic Current smokers Quit attempt in last 6 months (%) Received advice to quit (%) Heard of NRT (% of current smokers)
Total 213 (3.4) 161 (75.9) 160 (75.5) 77 (36.7)
   (1 missing) (3 missing) (3 missing)
Age group     
14-19 7 (3.3) 3 (42.9) 4 (57.1) 2 (28.6)
20-29 45 (21.1) 36 (81.8) 32 (72.7) 17 (38.6)
30-39 53 (24.9) 43 (81.1) 42 (80.8) 17 (32.7)
40-49 37 (17.4) 29 (78.4) 27 (73.0) 13 (35.1)
50+ 71 (33.3) 50 (70.4) 53 (75.7) 28 (40.0)
   p = 0.15 p = 0.64 p = 0.91
Gender     
Male 202 (94.8) 154 (76.6) 149 (74.9) 73 (36.7)
Female 11 (5.2) 7 (63.4) 9 (81.8) 4 (36.4)
   p = 0.30 p = 0.60 p = 0.98
Locality type     
Urban 113 (53.1) 88 (77.9) 86 (76.8) 50 (44.3)
Rural 100 (47.0) 73 (73.7) 72 (73.5) 27 (27.8)
   p = 0.52 p = 0.63 p = 0.02
Education     
Illiterate 29 (13.6) 23 (79.3) 18 (62.1) 9 (31.0)
Primary 36 (16.9) 27 (75) 29 (80.6 19 (52.8)
Secondary 135 (63.4) 100 (84.6) 101 (76.5) 40 (30.3)
Tertiary 13 (6.1) 11 (84.6) 10 (76.9) 9 (69.2)
   p = 0.91 p = 0.34 p = 0.006
Religion     
Christian 160 (2.81) 116 (72.96) 120 (75.95) 60 (38.22)
Muslim 18 (4.25) 14 (77.78) 14 (82.35) 4 (22.22)
Traditionalist 29 (35.37) 26 (89.66) 20 (68.97) 9 (31.03)
Other 6 (11.32) 5 (83.33) 4 (66.67) 4 (66.67)
   p = 0.26 p = 0.71 p = 0.23
Ethnicity     
Akan 178 (3.28) 137 (76.97) 132 (74.15) 68 (38.42)
Ewe 4 (6.78) 3 (75.00) 3 (75.00) 1(25.00)
Dagomba 4 (9.30) 2 (50.00) 3 (75.00) 1(25.00)
Other 27 (3.68) 20 (74.07) 22 (84.62) 8 (28.57)
   p = 0.57 p = 0.70 p = 0.78
  1. p = Fisher's exact probability test.