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Table 5 Cross-sectional studies on chronic complications of diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa 1999-2011

From: Diabetes in Sub Saharan Africa 1999-2011: Epidemiology and public health implications. a systematic review

Complication Location Author (year) Sample Setting Type of diabetes Prevalence (%)
Neuropathy Cameroon Ndip (2006) [52] 300 Hospital inpatient and outpatient clinics N/A 27.3%
  Nigeria Odusan (2008) [53] 108 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy:
34.2%
  Sudan Ahmed (2000) [54] 120 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 1 & 2 Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy: 40%
Peripheral: 66%
Foot ulcers Cameroon Ndip (2006) [52] 300 Hospital inpatient and outpatient clinics N/A 13%
   Kengne (2010) [55] 1841 Hospital inpatients N/A 13%
  Nigeria Ogbera (2006) [56] 1500 Hospital inpatients & outpatient clinic Mixed 9.5%
  Tanzania Gulam-Abbas (2002) [57] 627 Hospital inpatients Mixed 15%
Retinopathy Botswana Mengesha (2006) [58] 401 Outpatient clinics Mixed 9.2%
  Cameroon Sobgnwi (1999) [59] 64 Hospital outpatient clinic Mixed, non-proteinuric 37.5%
  Ethiopia Seyoum (2001) [60] 340 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 1 & 2 37.8%
  Ghana & Nigeria Rotimi (2003) [61] 840 Hospital outpatient clinics Type 2 17.9%
  Nigeria Omolase 2010 [62] 100 Hospital outpatient clinic Mixed 15%
  Kenya Mwendwa (2005) [63] 100 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 7%
  Kenya Mwale (2007) [64] 96 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 22%
  South Africa Motala (2001) [65] T1: 47
T2: 172
Hospital outpatient clinic Type 1 & 2 Type 1: 53.2%,
Type 2: 64.5%
  South Africa Read & Cook (2007) [66] 248 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 32.3%
  South Africa Mash (2007) [67] 400 Outpatient clinics Mixed 63%
  Tanzania Majaliwa (2007)[68] 99 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 1 22.68%
  Nigeria Unuigbe (2001) 124 66 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 1 & 2 23%
Microalbuminuria Cameroon Sobgnwi (1999) [59] 63 Hospital outpatient clinic Mixed, non-proteinuric 53.1%
  Ghana Eghan (2007) [71] 109 Hospital outpatient clinic Mixed 43.1%
  Kenya Wanjohi (2002) [51] 100 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 Albuminuria: 26%
  Kenya Mwendwa (2005) [63] 100 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 25%
  Nigeria Unuigbe (2001) [69] 66 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 1 & 2 50%
  Nigeria Agaba (2004) [72] 65 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 49.2%
  Nigeria Adetunji (2006) [73] 50 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 > 5 yrs, non-proteinuric 83%
  Tanzania Lutale (2007) [74] T1: 91
T2: 153
Hospital outpatient clinic Mixed Type 1: 12%,
Type 2: 9.8%
  Tanzania Majaliwa (2007)[68] 99 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 1 29.3%
Coronary Heart Disease South Africa Kalk (2007) [70] 744 Hospital outpatient clinic Type 2 White: 23%,
Black: 4%