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Table 3 Multiple mixed-effect regression model assessing the adjusted association between exercise status and scores of SF-36 in exercisers (n = 619)

From: Effect of Qigong on quality of life: a cross-sectional population-based comparison study in Taiwan

Variables/Coefficient (standard deviation) PF RP BP GH VT SF RE MH PC MC
Exercise status           
   Yes, other types           
   Yes, WTK 1.4 (1.8) 3.0 (3.7) 2.5 (1.9) 9.6 (1.9) *** 4.4 (1.8)* -2.3 (1.8) -3.7 (3.6) 1.3 (1.6) 2.2 (0.8)** -0.4 (0.9)
Exercise by calories           
   < 1000 kcal/week           
   ≥ 1000 kcal/week 3.58 (1.5)* 10.4 (3.1)** 3.5 (1.6)* 2.5 (1.7) 1.6 (1.5) 2.3 (1.5) 0.69 (3.0) 0.0 (1.4) 2.5 (0.7) *** -0.3 (0.8)
  1. Notes:
  2. 1. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001
  3. 2.PF, physical functioning; RP, role limitations due to physical problems; BP, bodily pain; GH, general health; VT, vitality; SF, social functioning; RE, role limitations due to emotional problems; MH, general mental health; PC, physical component summary; MC, mental component summary; WTK, Waitankung
  4. 3. Other variables controlled in the model in addition to the intercept were gender, age, education, alcohol use, smoking, stroke, diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension.