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Table 2 Multiple mixed-effect regression model assessing the adjusted association between exercise status and scores of SF-36 (n = 825)

From: Effect of Qigong on quality of life: a cross-sectional population-based comparison study in Taiwan

Variable/Coefficient (standard deviation) PF RP BP GH VT SF RE MH PC MC
Exercise status           
   No           
   Yes, other types 6.5(1.6)*** 10.6(3.3)** 4.4(1.7)* 6.1(1.7)*** 7.8(1.6)*** 4.2(1.6)** 9.1(3.2)** 4.9(1.4)*** 2.6(0.7)*** 2.7(0.8)***
   Yes, WTK 9.2(2.0)*** 18.5(4.1)*** 8.3(2.2)*** 17.1(2.1)*** 13.0(1.9)*** 3.1(2.0) 6.0(4.0) 6.3(1.7)*** 5.9(0.9)*** 2.2(1.0)*
   Yes, other typesa           
   Noa -6.5(1.6)*** -10.6(3.3)** -4.4(1.7)* -6.1(1.7)*** -7. 8(1.6)*** -4.2(1.6)** -9.1(3.2)** -4.9(1.4)*** -2.6(0.7)*** -2.7(0.8)***
   Yes, WTKa 2.8(1.8) 7.9(3.6)* 3.8(1.9)* 11.0(1.8)*** 5.2(1.7)** -1.2(1.8) -3.1(3.5) 1.4(1.51) 3.3(0.8)*** -0.4(0.9)
  1. Notes:
  2. 1. aOther types of exercise was set as the reference group in the models.
  3. 2. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001
  4. 3.PF, physical functioning; RP, role limitations due to physical problems; BP, bodily pain; GH, general health; VT, vitality; SF, social functioning; RE, role limitations due to emotional problems; MH, general mental health; PC, physical component summary; MC, mental component summary; WTK, Waitankung
  5. 4. Other variables controlled in the model in addition to the intercept were gender, age, education, alcohol use, smoking, stroke, diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension.