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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of significant risk factors for depression and anxiety among women of reproductive age with earthquake experience (N = 387)

From: Reproductive health and access to healthcare facilities: risk factors for depression and anxiety in women with an earthquake experience

  Depression Anxiety
Factors Adjusted
OR [95% CI] †
Adjusted
OR [95% CI] †‡
Adjusted
OR [95% CI] †
Adjusted
OR [95% CI] †‡
Husband ever attended school     
   Yes - - 1.0 1.0
   No    1.4 [0.9-2.3] 1.4 [0.8-2.3]
Subjected to gender violence by husband or family members     
   No - - 1.0 1.0
   Yes    1.7 [0.8-3.6] 1.3 [0.6-2.9]
Lost family business or job     
   No 1.0 1.0   
   Yes 1.6 [1.0-2.4] 1.6 [1.0-2.5] - -
Separated for > two days from family members     
   No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
   Yes 2.5 [1.5-4.2] 1.5 [0.8-2.6] 2.3 [1.3-3.9] 1.3 [0.7-2.4]
Slept more than one night at a tent village     
   Yes    1.0 1.0
   No - - 1.5 [0.9-2.7] 1.3 [0.7-2.2]
Ever had stillbirth     
   Yes 1.0 1.0   
   No 2.5 [1.0-6.3] 2.4 [0.9-6.2] - -
Abortions in last 4 years after earthquake     
   No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
   Yes 2.3 [1.0-5.7] 2.4 [1.0-5.9] 2.7 [1.0-7.7] 2.9 [1.0-8.4]
Had vaginal discharge or genital ulcers or heard about STDs     
   No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
   Yes 1.7 [1.1-2.6] 1.5 [0.9-2.4] 1.9 [1.2-3.0] 1.8 [1.1-2.9]
Ever heard of contraceptives (injectable, vasectomy, rhythms)     
   No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
   Yes 2.7 [1.3-5.8] 2.7 [1.2-5.9] 2.6 [1.3-5.5] 2.5 [1.2-5.4]
Access to health facilities     
   Easy access   1.0   1.0
   Difficult access - 5.0 [2.6-9.4] - 5.6 [2.6-11.9]
  1. Abbreviations: OR, Odds Ratio (adjusted); CI, Confidence Interval; STDs, Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
  2. Only statistically significant variables (p < 0.05) following multivariate analysis within each domain of socio-demographic, earthquake experience and reproductive health were included in this analysis.
  3. Adjusted odds ratios without access to health facilities.
  4. †‡ Adjusted odds ratios with access to health facilities.