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Table 1 Distribution of lifetime prevalence of exposure to physical and sexual violence by controlling behaviours, relationship inequality, demographic and socioeconomic characteristics

From: Controlling behavior, power relations within intimate relationships and intimate partner physical and sexual violence against women in Nigeria

  Physical violence Sexual violence
Characteristics N = 2877 (%) P-value N = 663 (%) P-value
Husband/partner has controlling behavior (composite variable)   0.000   0.000
No 621 (21)   100 (15)  
Yes 2256 (79)   563 (85)  
Justifies wife beating   0.000   0.000
No 1128 (39)   225 (34)  
Yes 1749 (61)   438 (66)  
Decision-making autonomy   0.000   0.000
No 772 (27)   185 (28)  
Yes 2105 (73)   478 (62)  
Type of marriage   0.023   0.465
Monogamy 2056 (71)   290 (44)  
Polygamy 821 (29)   373 (56)  
Women's age   0.000   0.415
≤ 24 572 (20)   168 (25)  
25 - 34 1263 (44)   279 (42)  
≥ 35 1042 (36)   216 (33)  
Women's education   0.000   0.000
No education 996 (35)   168 (25)  
Primary 925 (32)   279 (42)  
Secondary or higher 956 (33)   216 (33)  
Women's occupation   0.000   0.000
Profession/technical/management 95 (3)   25 (4)  
Clerical/sales/services/skilled manual 1273 (44)   293 (44)  
Agricultural self-employed/agricultural employee/ household & domestic/ unskilled manual 914 (32)   173 (26)  
Not working 595 (21)   172 (26)  
Partner's education   0.000   0.000
No education 813 (28)   199 (30)  
Primary 779 (27)   210 (32)  
Secondary or higher 1285 (45)   254 (38)  
Partner's occupation   0.001   0.149
Profession/technical/management 232 (8)   56 (8)  
Clerical/sales/services/skilled manual 1351 (47)   323 (49)  
Agricultural self-employed/agricultural employee/ household & domestic/ unskilled manual 1294 (45)   284 (43)  
Place of residence   0.000   0.010
Urban 759 (26)   165 (25)  
Rural 2118 (74)   498 (75)