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Table 3 Smoking and alcohol consumption among migrants and the German population

From: Drug utilization patterns and reported health status in ethnic German migrants (Aussiedler) in Germany: a cross-sectional study

    Migrants German population p-value
Current alcohol consumption Males No 19% 12% 0.19
   Seldom/special occasions 46% 52%  
   Moderate to heavy 35% 36%  
  Females No 23% 24% 0.27
   Seldom/special occasions 68% 60%  
   Moderate to heavy 9% 16%  
Smoking Males Never smoked 49% 33% < 0.01
   Former smoker 12% 31%  
   Current smoker 39% 37%  
  Females Never smoked 79% 52% < 0.01
   Former smoker 5% 22%  
   Current smoker 16% 27%  
  1. 1 age-standardized to German population