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Table 3 Factors associated with the prescription of antibiotics, antivirals and systemic steroids.

From: Evaluation of a pilot cooperative medical scheme in rural China: impact on gender patterns of health care utilization and prescription practices

  Antibiotics Antivirals Steroids
Factor OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Level
Village 1 - 1   1 -
Township health centre 0.74 0.71 - 0.77 0.62 0.58 - 0.66 0.54 0.50 - 0.58
Period       
Before 1 - 1 - 1 -
During 1.07 1.02 - 1.12 1.50 1.36 - 1.65 1.30 1.19 - 1.41
After 1.11 1.06 - 1.16 1.87 1.71 - 2.05 1.16 1.07 - 1.26
Township       
Intervention 1 - 1   1 -
Comparison2 0.84 0.77 - 0.91 0.37 0.33 - 0.43 1.94 1.64 - 2.30
Comparison3 1.90 1.74 - 2.08 0.82 0.71 - 0.93 2.02 1.70 - 2.40
Interaction-during       
Other 1 - 1 - 1 -
Interventionsite*interventionperiod 1.74 1.58 - 1.92 0.74 0.64 - 0.87 1.96 1.64 - 2.35
Interaction-post       
Other 1 - 1 - 1 -
Interventionsite*post-interventionperiod 1.80 1.63 - 1.98 0.38 0.33 - 0.44 2.23 1.87 - 2.67
Diagnosis/Symptom       
A11(resp) 4.12 3.96 - 4.30 5.74 5.37 - 6.13 3.38 3.17 - 3.60
A12(digest) 2.48 2.36 - 2.62 1.06 0.94 - 1.18 1.21 1.09 - 1.34
A15(skin) 1.25 1.18 - 1.34 2.02 1.80 - 2.27 3.43 3.12 - 3.77
A131(femrepro) 0.88 0.80 - 0.96 0.20 0.13 - 0.32 0.24 0.17 - 0.34
A19(injury) 2.87 2.66 - 3.09 0.70 0.57 - 0.85 1.45 1.26 - 1.67
B8(general) 1.03 0.99 - 1.0 1.50 1.39 - 1.61 3.03 2.84 - 3.23
B2(digest & abd) 0.88 0.83 - 0.92 0.46 0.40 - 0.53 0.50 0.44 - 0.57
B1(resp & cardio) 2.66 2.53 - 2.80 1.37 1.24 - 1.51 1.12 1.02 - 1.23
Gender       
Male 1 - 1 - 1  
Female 0.94 0.91 - 0.97 0.98 0.98 - 1.02 0.96 0.92 - 1.01
Age(years)       
> 5 1 - 1 - 1 -
5 > 14 0.98 0.93 - 1.04 0.80 0.75 - 0.86 1.19 1.09 - 1.29
5 > 24 0.84 0.79 - 0.90 0.62 0.56 - 0.68 1.45 1.03 - 1.28
25 > 34 0.68 0.64 - 0.72 0.40 0.36 - 0.45 1.15 1.06 - 1.28
35 > 44 0.64 0.61 - 0.68 0.39 0.35 - 0.43 1.12 1.01 - 1.24
45 > 54 0.54 0.51 - 0.58 0.40 0.37 - 0.45 1.20 1.08 - 1.32
55 > 64 0.49 0.46 - 0.53 0.42 0.38 - 0.46 1.24 1.11 - 1.37
65+ 0.46 0.43 - 0.49 0.32 0.29 - 0.36 1.19 1.08 - 1.32
"adult" 0.52 0.46 - 0.59 0.36 0.30 - 0.44 2.60 2.26 - 3.07
unknown 0.72 0.61 - 0.83 0.47 0.38 - 0.59 0.87 0.68 - 1.14
  1. Village clinics or outpatients at a THC: those with medical treatments only.