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Table 4 Adjusted ORs* and 95% CI of components of metabolic syndrome and metabolic syndrome associated with alcohol use behavior against normal group

From: Alcohol use behaviors and risk of metabolic syndrome in South Korean middle-aged men

Variables SBP≥ 130/DBP≥ 85 p FPG ≥ 110 p TG ≥ 150 p HDL-C < 40 p WC§ > 90 p Metabolic syndrome p
  Adjusted OR (95% CI)   Adjusted OR (95% CI)   Adjusted OR (95% CI)   Adjusted OR (95% CI)   Adjusted OR (95% CI)   Adjusted OR (95% CI)  
Normal 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Hazardous 2.54 (1.59-4.06) <.001 2.15 (1.16-3.99) .015 1.43 (0.94-2.17) .092 1.04 (0.52-2.07) .917 1.93 (1.17-3.19) .011 2.16 (1.24-3.77) .007
Problem 2.99 (1.83-4.92) <.001 2.48 (1.42-4.33) .001 2.19 (1.38-3.47) .001 1.07 (0.54-2.13) .839 1.85 (1.17-2.92) .009 2.54 (1.41-4.58) .002
P for linear trend <.001   .001   .001   .838   .008   .002  
  1. SBP = systolic blood pressure; DBP = diastolic blood pressure; FPG = fasting plasma glucose; TG = triglyceride; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; WC = waist circumference; OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval.
  2. * ORs were adjusted for education, smoking, and physical activity.
  3. Unit: mmHg
  4. Unit: mg/dL
  5. § Unit: cm