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Table 5 Mean (standard error) cigarettes per day by sociodemogrpahics for each survey from 2007-2009 where available

From: 'The smoking toolkit study': a national study of smoking and smoking cessation in England

  2007 2008 2009†
Total STS 13.4 (0.12) 13.4 (0.13) 13.1 (0.12)
population GLF 13.1 (0.19) 13.1 (0.23) -
  HSE 13.2 (0.27) 13.0 (0.17) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 1.9, p = 0.379 X2 = 3.9, p = 0.145  
Men STS 14.1 (0.17) 14.3 (0.20) 13.8 (0.19)
  GLF 13.9 (0.30) 13.5 (0.31) -
  HSE 14.0 (0.41) 13.7 (0.24) 13.6 (0.52)
  Heterogeneity X2 = 0.35, p = 0.839 X2 = 6.2, p = 0.044 X2 = 0.13, p = 0.718
Women STS 12.6 (0.15) 12.6 (0.18) 12.4 (0.16)
  GLF 12.3 (0.23) 12.7 (0.28) -
  HSE 12.4 (0.30) 12.2 (0.18) 12.6 (0.41)
  Heterogeneity X2 = 1.3, p = 0.520 X2 = 3.4, p = 0.181 X2 = 0.21, p = 0.650
16-24 STS 11.0 (0.20) 12.0 (0.27) 10.8 (0.21)
  GLF 10.6 (0.38) 10.7 (0.60) -
  HSE 11.4 (0.73) 11.1 (0.35) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 1.3, p = 0.525 X2 = 6.4, p = 0.040  
25-44 STS 13.0 (0.18) 13.0 (0.20) 12.4 (0.18)
  GLF 12.6 (0.31) 12.5 (0.34)  
  HSE 12.5 (0.39) 12.4 (0.24)  
  Heterogeneity X2 = 2.1, p = 0.342 X2 = 4.2, p = 0.125  
45-64 STS 15.6 (0.24) 15.5 (0.27) 15.6 (0.25)
  GLF 14.9 (0.31) 15.1 (0.35)  
  HSE 15.1 (0.44) 15.2 (0.29)  
  Heterogeneity X2 = 3.4, p = 0.180 X2 = 0.99, p = 0.608  
65+ STS 13.5 (0.38) 12.9 (0.44) 13.5 (0.45)
  GLF 13.1 (0.58) 12.7 (0.54) -
  HSE 13.5 (0.65) 13.2 (0.49) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 0.36, p = 0.835 X2 = 0.49, p = 0.784  
High SES* STS 12.2 (0.17) 12.2 (0.21) 12.1 (0.18)
  GLF 12.2 (0.27) 12.5 (0.33) -
  HSE 12.6 (0.39) 11.7 (0.23) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 0.93, p = 0.629 X2 = 4.7, p = 0.097  
Low SES STS 14.2 (0.15) 14.2 (0.17) 13.8 (0.16)
  GLF 14.1 (0.27) 13.9 (0.29) -
  HSE 13.8 (0.38) 14.0 (0.22) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 0.98, p = 0.612 X2 = 1.0, p = 0.602  
  1. *STS = social grade, HSE = NSSEC (household) split Professional/Managerial/Intermediate & Routine/Manual
  2. †Data in 2009 for GLF and HSE is only available from published reports. Only HSE reported mean cigarette consumption, split by gender is available.