Skip to main content

Table 4 Cigarette smoking prevalence (percent, 95% CI) by sociodemographics for each survey from 2007-2009 where available

From: 'The smoking toolkit study': a national study of smoking and smoking cessation in England

  2007 2008 2009†
Total STS 24.1 (23.6 to 24.7) 22.0 (21.4 to 22.6) 21.5 (21.0 to 22.1)
population GLF 20.5 (19.8 to 21.3) 20.9 (19.9 to 22.0) 21 (20.0 to 22.0)
  HSE 22.3 (21.0 to 23.6) 21.7 (20.9 to 22.6) 22 (20.4 to 23.6)
  Heterogeneity X2 = 50.3, p < 0.001 X2 = 2.97, p = 0.227 X2 = 1.3, p = 0.535
Gender     
   Men STS 25.6 (24.7 to 26.4) 22.9 (22.0 to 23.8) 22.6 (21.8 to 23.5)
  GLF 22.0 (20.8 to 23.2) 21.9 (20.6 to 23.3) 22 (20.7 to 23.3)
  HSE 23.8 (22.1 to 25.5) 23.7 (22.5 to 25.0) 24 (21.8 to 26.2)
  Heterogeneity X2 = 22.4, p < 0.001 X2 = 3.7, p = 0.159 X2 = 2.4, p = 0.306
   Women STS 22.8 (22.0 to 23.6) 21.2 (20.4 to 22.0) 20.5 (19.7 to 21.3)
  GLF 19.2 (18.2 to 20.3) 20.1 (18.9 to 21.3) 20 (18.8 to 21.2)
  HSE 20.8 (19.4 to 22.4) 19.9 (18.9 to 20.8) 20 (18.1 to 21.9)
  Heterogeneity X2 = 29.2, p < 0.001 X2 = 4.7, p = 0.095 X2 = 0.58, p = 0.750
Age     
   16-24 STS 32.7 (31.2 to 34.3) 29.3 (27.7 to 31.0) 28.3 (26.8 to 29.9)
  GLF 27.2 (24.3 to 30.0) 27.6 (24.4 to 31.1) -
  HSE 25.3 (21.8 to 29.2) 26.2 (23.9 to 28.6) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 20.2, < 0.001 X2 = 4.6, p = 0.099 -
   25-44 STS 28.2 (27.2 to 29.2) 27.1 (26.0 to 28.1) 26.3 (25.3 to 27.3)
  GLF 24.4 (23.0 to 25.8) 24.9 (23.1 to 26.8) -
  HSE 27.9 (25.7 to 30.0) 28.4 (26.8 to 30.0) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 19.5, p < 0.001 X2 = 7.9, p = 0.019 -
   45-64 STS 23.3 (22.3 to 24.3) 20.3 (19.3 to 21.3) 20.5 (19.5 to 21.5)
  GLF 20.8 (19.5 to 22.2) 20.8 (19.3 to 22.5) -
  HSE 21.3 (19.5 to 23.3) 19.2 (18.0 to 20.5) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 0.95, p = 0.008 X2 = 2.76, p = 0.251 -
   65+ STS 11.1 (10.2 to 12.1) 9.7 (8.7 to 10.6) 9.4 (8.5 to 10.3)
  GLF 9.5 (8.5 to 10.7) 10.1 (9.0 to 11.4) -
  HSE 11.2 (9.6 to 13.0) 10.2 (9.2 to 11.3) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 4.6, p = 0.100 X2 = 0.49, p = 0.784 -
SES*     
   High SES STS 17.9 (17.3 to 18.6) 15.3 (14.6 to 16.0) 15.7 (15.1 to 16.4)
  GLF 15.7 (14.8 to 16.7) 16.0 (14.9 to 17.2) -
  HSE 16.9 (15.5 to 18.4) 17.4 (16.5 to 18.4) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 12.6, p = 0.002 X2 = 11.4, p = 0.0003 -
   Low SES STS 31.9 (31.0 to 32.8) 30.4 (29.4 to 31.4) 29.1 (28.1 to 30.0)
  GLF 27.5 (26.1 to 29.0) 29.3 (27.6 to 31.0) -
  HSE 29.8 (27.8 to 31.9) 28.0 (26.6 to 29.5) -
  Heterogeneity X2 = 26.2, p < 0.001 X2 = 7.3, p = 0.027 -
  1. Data in 2009 is only available for GLF and HSE in published reports and is not appropriately split by age and socio-economic status. Confidence intervals for GLF and HSE in 2009 are estimated based on actual base sample size and confidence intervals in previous years.
  2. *STS = social grade split ABC1 (high SES) & C2DE (low SES), HSE = NSSEC (household) split Professional/Managerial/Intermediate (high SES) & Routine/Manual (low SES).