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Table 3 The Characteristics of rural and urban neonatal mortality of Gansu province, 2004-09

From: Rural-urban differences of neonatal mortality in a poorly developed province of China

Characteristics

Urban N (%)

Rural N (%)

χ2

P

Sex

    

   Male

353 (60.2)

386(57.0)

1.34

0.25

   Female

233(39.8)

291(43.0)

  

Gestational age(week)

    

   Very premature, < 33

90 (15.4)

106 (15.6)

19.73

< 0.001

   Moderate premature,33-37

157 (26.8)

117 (17.3)

  

   Term or postterm, ≥ 38

339 (57.8)

454 (67.1)

  

Birth weight(g)

    

   Very low < 1500

49 (8.4)

24 (3.6)

18.66

< 0.001

   Moderately low,1500-2499

171 (29.2)

182 (26.9)

  

   Normal, 2500-3999

358 (61.1)

458 (67.6)

  

   ≥ 4000

8 (1.4)

13 (1.9)

  

Medical care before death

    

   Hospital care

529 (90.3)

433 (64.0)

131.85

< 0.001

   Outpatient care

11(1.9)

126 (18.6)

  

   No medical care

46 (7.8)

118 (17.4)

  

Death season

    

   Spring

142(24.2)

152(22.4)

2.38

0.5

   Summer

145(24.7)

152(22.4)

  

   Autumn

160(27.3)

192(28.4)

  

   Winter

139(23.7)

181(26.7)

  

Death place

    

   Hospital

491 (83.8)

424 (62.6)

70.72

< .001

   Way to hospital

11 (1.9)

24 (3.6)

  

   Home

84(14.3)

229 (33.8)