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Table 3 The Characteristics of rural and urban neonatal mortality of Gansu province, 2004-09

From: Rural-urban differences of neonatal mortality in a poorly developed province of China

Characteristics Urban N (%) Rural N (%) χ2 P
Sex     
   Male 353 (60.2) 386(57.0) 1.34 0.25
   Female 233(39.8) 291(43.0)   
Gestational age(week)     
   Very premature, < 33 90 (15.4) 106 (15.6) 19.73 < 0.001
   Moderate premature,33-37 157 (26.8) 117 (17.3)   
   Term or postterm, ≥ 38 339 (57.8) 454 (67.1)   
Birth weight(g)     
   Very low < 1500 49 (8.4) 24 (3.6) 18.66 < 0.001
   Moderately low,1500-2499 171 (29.2) 182 (26.9)   
   Normal, 2500-3999 358 (61.1) 458 (67.6)   
   ≥ 4000 8 (1.4) 13 (1.9)   
Medical care before death     
   Hospital care 529 (90.3) 433 (64.0) 131.85 < 0.001
   Outpatient care 11(1.9) 126 (18.6)   
   No medical care 46 (7.8) 118 (17.4)   
Death season     
   Spring 142(24.2) 152(22.4) 2.38 0.5
   Summer 145(24.7) 152(22.4)   
   Autumn 160(27.3) 192(28.4)   
   Winter 139(23.7) 181(26.7)   
Death place     
   Hospital 491 (83.8) 424 (62.6) 70.72 < .001
   Way to hospital 11 (1.9) 24 (3.6)   
   Home 84(14.3) 229 (33.8)