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Table 1 Primary and secondary outcomes by study arm¹

From: Pragmatic randomised controlled trial of preferred intensity exercise in women living with depression

  Intervention arm Active comparator arm
(n= 19)
Mean difference
(n= 19)
(95% confidence interval)
pvalue
Primary outcome
Mean BDI score (SD)     
   Baseline 26.5 (10.7) 30.5 (12.0)   
   Plenary 18.1 (13.0) 29.6 (13.9)   
Mean change -8.5 (9.8) -0.9 (6.6) -11.5 (-20.4 to -2.7) 0.006
Secondary outcomes
Mean GHQ score (SD)     
   Baseline 8.3 (3.7) 8.8 (3.4)   
   Plenary 3.5 (3.1) 7.5 (4.3)   
   Mean change -4.8 (5.3) -1.3 (2.5) -4.0 (-6.5 to -1.5) 0.001²
Mean SF-12 score (SD)     
   Baseline 25.9 (6.2) 25.6 (7.5)   
   Plenary 30.0 (8.7) 26.4 (7.2)   
   Mean change 4.1 (7.3) 0.8 (2.8) 3.6 (-1.7 to 8.8) 0.08
Mean RSES score (SD)     
   Baseline 11.3 (5.8) 11.0 (4.9)   
   Plenary 14.7 (4.8) 11.5 (4.9)   
   Mean change 3.4 (3.1) 0.5 (3.0) 3.2 (0.3 to 6.4) 0.024
Mean MSPSS score (SD)     
   Baseline 47.6 (18.3) 51.6 (15.4)   
   Plenary 52.1 (16.7) 58.1 (16.9)   
   Mean change 4.5 (10.1) 6.4 (19.6) 5.9 (-5.1 to 17.0) 0.14
Mean QLDS score (SD)     
   Baseline 15.5 (7.9) 20.3 (8.5)   
   Plenary 12.3 (7.2) 18.2 (11.4)   
   Mean change -3.3 (3.1) -2.1 (7.7) -5.9 (-12.2 to 0.4) 0.0325
Mean Attendance (×/12)(SD) 8.2 (3.6) 5.9 (4.2) 2.3 (-3.14 to 4.8) 0.0415
Physiological outcomes³
Mean heart rate @ time 0 (beats/min) (SD)     
   Baseline 87.5 (15.8) 92.8 (5.6)   
   Plenary 95.1 (18.5) 96.6(11.7)   
   Mean change 4.4 (15.7) 2.0 (6.5) 1.5 (-12.2 to 15.8) 0.414
Mean peak heart rate (beats/min) (SD)     
   Baseline 109.6 (21.1) 121.3 (15.8)   
   Plenary 121.1 (18.2) 136.8 (29.5)   
   Mean change 6.7 (17.2) 8.2 (17.5) 15.7 (-6.4 to 37.9) 0.77
Mean RPE score @ time 0 (SD)     
   Baseline 9.2 (3.2) 8.6 (3.3)   
   Plenary 7.9 (2.6) 9.4 (3.6)   
   Mean change -0.7 (2.0) 0.4 (1.1) 1.5 (-1.4 to 4.3) 0.144
Mean peak RPE score (SD)     
   Baseline 10.4 (2.8) 10.5 (2.9)   
   Plenary 9.8 (2.7) 12.2 (3.5)   
   Mean change -0.3 (1.9) 0.9 (1.7) 2.4 (-0.5 to 5.2) 0.0475
  1. 1 Independent t-tests.
  2. 2 Unequal variances.
  3. 3 Sub-sample: Intervention arm n = 11,active comparator arm n = 10.