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Table 3 Characteristics of the study population (n = 4,032)

From: Children's health and parental socioeconomic factors: a population-based survey in Finland

  Characteristics of the study population Health status    Prevalence of psychosomatic symptom(s)   Prevalence of long-term disease(s)  
   Good Moderate or poor      
  n (%) n (%) n (%) p* n (%) p* n (%) p*
Gender     0.81   0.45   0.07
   Boy 2106 (52) 2023 (97) 69 (3)   220 (11)   256 (12)  
   Girl 1926 (48) 1857 (97) 66 (3)   217 (11)   200 (10)  
Age     0.00   0.00   0.00
   0-2 1004 (25) 932 (94) 65 (7)   133 (13)   93 (9)  
   3-6 1287 (32) 1256 (98) 28 (2)   97 (8)   131 (10)  
   7-11 1741 (43) 1692 (98) 42 (2)   207 (12)   232 (13)  
Parent's highest level of education     0.80   0.89   0.21
   Junior high school or less (≤9 years) 252 (6) 244 (97) 7 (3)   29 (12)   23 (9)  
   Senior high school/vocational school (11-13 years) 2456 (61) 2365 (97) 85 (4)   265 (11)   269 (11)  
   Polytechnic, college or university degree (≥ 15 years) 1291 (32) 1240 (97) 41 (3)   137 (11)   161 (13)  
Household's net income/month (€)     0.55   0.05   0.60
   Below 1999 797 (20) 766 (96) 30 (4)   101 (13)   93 (12)  
   2000-2999 1292 (32) 1243 (97) 45 (4)   151 (12)   134 (10)  
   3000-3999 1419 (35) 1372 (97) 39 (3)   131 (9)   170 (12)  
   4000-10,000 347 (9) 336 (97) 10 (3)   35 (10)   38 (11)  
Working status     0.04   0.01   0.06
   Working 2541 (63) 2460 (97) 73 (3)   248 (10)   305 (12)  
   Not in work 1470 (37) 1402 (96) 60 (4)   185 (13)   148 (10)  
  1. * p-value of ≤0.05 considered statistically significant