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Table 6 Linear regression analysis examining the correlation between average annual change in under-5 mortality rates and average annual change in each component within outreach, clinical and community services in African countries (n = 19)

From: Do improvements in outreach, clinical, and family and community-based services predict improvements in child survival? An analysis of serial cross-sectional national surveys

Component Coefficient 95% Confidence interval p value* r2
Outreach services     
   Component 1: Immunization 0.0025 -0.0030, 0.0081 0.33 0.10
   Component 2: antenatal care 0.0111 0.0006, 0.0216 0.039 0.29
   Component 3: family planning 0.0060 -0.0049, 0.0170 0.25 0.12
Clinical services     
   Component 1: access to services 0.0118 0.0068, 0.0167 0.000 0.67
   Component 2: seeking treatment 0.0064 -0.0017, 0.0146 0.116 0.19
Community/ family services     
   Component 1: Nutritional issues 0.0110 0.030, 0.0190 0.01 0.40
   Component 2: breastfeeding 0.0058 -0.0023, 0.0139 0.17 0.15
  1. *p value: significance of the correlation between the AAC in each component in specific interventions and the AAC in under-5 mortality rate
  2. † r2 is the proportion of variability in the AAC in under-5 mortality rate that can be explained by changes in the values of each component
  3. Note: All analyses were adjusted for AAC in GDP, adult HIV prevalence, household TV and electricity, education of women 15-19, sanitation, after supply, and for under-5 mortality rate during the penultimate survey