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Table 3 Under-five mortality and neonatal mortality hazard risks (HR) in relation to educational level of the mother and time period.

From: Tracking progress towards equitable child survival in a Nicaraguan community: neonatal mortality challenges to meet the MDG 4

Period Education Neonatal mortality Under-five mortality
   NMR HR (95%CI) U5MR HR (95%CI)
1970-1981 No formal education 45.6 3.3(2.7, 4.0) 116.6 5.7(4.9-6.6)
  Formal education 26.9 2.0(1.6, 2.6) 71.2 3.4(2.9-4.0)
1982-1993 No formal education 23.4 1.6(1.3, 1.9) 56.8 2.5(2.1-2.9)
  Formal education 20.5 1.5(1.2, 1.8) 39.5 1.8(1.5-2.1)
1994-2005 No formal education 20.0 1.2(0.9, 1.7) 39.7 1.5(1.2-1.9)
  Formal education 13.5 1 21.0 1
  1. Children of mothers with formal education level 1994-2005 is set as reference. Cox proportional hazards analyses adjusted for parity and domicile