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Table 2 Depression symptoms following childbirth among study women

From: Psychological and social consequences among mothers suffering from perinatal loss: perspective from a low income country

  6 weeks postpartum 6 months postpartum
EPDS-B items Depressed n = 113 (%) Non-depressed n = 363 (%) Odds ratio 95% CI Depressed n = 57 (%) Non-Depressed n = 419 (%) Odds ratio 95% CI
Not able to laugh and see funny things 103 (41.2) 147 (58.8) 9.31 5.00-17.37 54 (31%) 120 (69%) 31.24 9.92-98.42
Did not look forward with enjoyment 90 (42.7) 121 (57.3) 4.91 3.23-7.49 47 (35.6) 85 (64.4) 12.25 6.38-23.52
Had feelings of guilt 94 (38.1) 153 (61.9) 4.58 2.90-7.26 51 (24.8) 155 (75.2) 11.14 4.88-25.45
Was anxious 73 (51.4) 69 (48.6) 4.29 3.08-5.98 37 (45.7) 44 (54.3) 9.02 5.54-14.71
Was panicky 62 (61.4) 39 (38.6) 4.51 3.35-6.08 27 (50.0) 27 (50.0) 7.03 4.55-10.88
Was overwhelmed 87 (43.9) 111 (56.1) 4.70 3.15-7.00 45 (21.4) 165 (78.6) 4.75 2.58-8.75
Had a problem sleeping 91 (66.9) 45 (33.1) 10.34 6.79-15.76 42 (40.4) 62 (59.6) 10.02 5.79-17.32
Had feelings of helplessness 102 (54.5) 85 (45.5) 14.33 7.91-25.96 45 (21.4) 165 (78.6) 4.75 2.58-8.75
Cried 95 (55.2) 77 (44.8) 9.33 5.84-14.89 42 (40.4) 62 (59.6) 10.01 5.79-17.32
Had thoughts of self harm 30 (81.1) 7 (18.9) 4.29 3.35-5.50 50 (36.2) 88 (63.8) 17.50 8.14-37.63