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Table 2 Topics identified by country managers as priorities ranked within themes, and the number of reviews identified for each topic

From: Do existing research summaries on health systems match immunisation managers' needs in middle- and low-income countries? Analysis of GAVI health systems strengthening support

Themes Managers priorities in proposals Number of high quality reviews
  N % (total)
1. Health workforce    
Developing staff skills to deliver PHC services (not necessarily specific to immunisation) 31 70% 4(16)
Strengthening supervision, for example, by developing checklists or providing transport 26 59% 2(8)
Fill vacant posts for specific cadres by training, or incentives for recruitment or retention 18 41% 0(2)
Performance incentives for individuals and teams, creating or implementing rewarding 18 41% 3(7)
Develop hands on skills in delivering immunization 12 27% 1(3)
Strategies to retain staff and ensure equitable geographical distribution 10 23% 1(8)
Developing and introducing staff performance management systems 6 14% 0(1)
Redistributing and delegating tasks across staff (through training, supervision, guidance) 4 9% 5(12)
Measures to increase the number of female staff 3 7% 0(1)
Creating new cadres such as District Health Officers, not specific to immunisation 1 2% 3(6)
2. Organisation and management    
Health management information systems, Monitoring and Evaluation, to inform decisions 39 89% 0(3)
Training managers in planning and budgeting 30 68% 0(1)
Increase knowledge, awareness and community empowerment to promote demand 28 64% 8(19)
Outreach delivery of services, mass campaigns; providing transport/logistics, allowances 22 50% 1(2)
Systems for quality control; training; develop QA programmes; assure drug quality 21 48% 0(3)
Skills in financial management; training managers, administrative staff 14 32% 0(0)
Community participation in management, information systems and oversight 14 32% 0(2)
Integrating (vertical) programmes or activities into PHC 10 23% 3(8)
Improving referral (e.g. providing transport), strengthening secondary care services 10 23% 2(3)
Financing, introducing health insurance; economic studies to inform decisions 8 18% 1(7)
Outsourcing PHC services, contracting out service delivery to non-government providers 8 18% 1(10)
Performance contracts within the public sector (e.g. between central and district levels) 6 14% 0(0)
Improving aid effectiveness through sector-wide approaches and creating basket funds 3 7% 0(0)
Oversight within public sector, strengthening District Health Management Teams 2 5% 0(0)
3. Procurement and supply management    
Improving storage, transport, procuring vehicles 32 73% 0(1)
Adequacy of health equipment, procuring and distributing equipment for health facilities 24 55% 0(0)
Adequacy of non-health equipment, procuring other equipment (e.g. computers) 22 50% 0(0)
Condition/amenities of health facilities, upgrading health facilities 20 45% 0(0)
Procuring and distribution essential drugs and other key commodities 16 36% 0(1)
Build new facilities in underserved areas 14 32% 0(0)
  1. PHC: Primary Health Care. QA: Quality Assurance.