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Table 3 Mean (SD) serum lipid levels by study year and gender.

From: Diet and serum lipids: changes over socio-economic transition period in Lithuanian rural population

Serum lipids Men Women
  1987 1993 1999 2007 1987 1993 1999 2007
TC (mmol/l) 6.20*
(1.20)
6.05*
(1.20)
5.51
(1.27)
5.60
(1.16)
6.12*
(1.24)
6.03*
(1.24)
5.56
(1.39)
5.51
(1.14)
LDL-C(mmol/l) 4.25* a
(1.08)
3.94*
(1.03)
3.37
(1.22)
3.57
(1.03)
4.18* a
(1.13)
3.99*
(1.12)
3.37
(1.36)
3.39
(1.00)
HDL-C(mmol/l) 1.33a
(0.46)
1.46
(0.43)
1.43
(0.46)
1.30#
(0.43)
1.42 a
(0.46)
1.51
(0.47)
1.56
(0.41)
1.45#
(0.37)
TG (mmol/l) 1.41*
(0.89)
1.40*
(0.95)
1.60
(0.97)
1.63
(0.87)
1.15* a
(0.60)
1.35*
(0.75)
1.44
(0.77)
1.45
(0.60)
  1. *p < 0.001 compared to 1999 and 2007; # p < 0.001 compared to 1993 and 1999; a p < 0.001 compared to 1993 using analysis of variance and Bonferroni multiple comparison tests
  2. Estimates are age-adjusted to the 2007 Lithuanian population; SD - standard deviation;
  3. Abbreviations: TC - total cholesterol; LDL-C - low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-C - high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG - triglycerides.