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Table 2 Mean (SD) daily intake of energy, macronutrients, and cholesterol by study year and gender.

From: Diet and serum lipids: changes over socio-economic transition period in Lithuanian rural population

Energy, nutrients Men Women
  1987 1993 1999 2007 1987 1993 1999 2007
Energy (kJ) 11615.6*
(4249.7)
10149.4 (3637.5) 11069.6* (3776.2) 10493.1
(3416.6)
8860.2* (3240.1) 8236.6* (3078.6) 7835.9 (2815.2) 7618.4 (2632.9)
Protein (E%) 13.6*
(3.7)
13.3*
(4.1)
13.6*
(4.5)
14.7
(4.1)
13.4*
(3.5)
13.1*
(3.6)
13.6*
(4.2)
14.1
(4.2)
Carbohydrates (E%) 40.2*
(11.1)
42.2*#
(11.3)
40.5*
(10.9)
38.9
(11.5)
43.6
(10.7)
46.1*
(11.1)
44.7*
(10.9)
43.2
(11.9)
Total fat (E%) 45.2
(11.2)
43.3
(10.8)
43.8
(10.9)
44.8
(11.7)
42.8#
(10.4)
40.4
(10.5)
41.1
(10.4)
42.3
(11.3)
SFA (E%) 18.0*
(5.1)
17.6*
(5.0)
15.4
(4.8)
15.1
(4.8)
17.6*#
(5.2)
17.2*#
(5.3)
14.7
(5.1)
14.8
(4.9)
MUFA (E%) 17.8
(5.4)
16.8
(5.2)
16.5*
(5.6)
17.3
(6.0)
16.2#
(4.9)
15.0*
(4.9)
14.5*
(5.2)
15.7
(5.6)
PUFA (E%) 5.3*#
(2.3)
4.7*
(2.0)
7.0
(3.2)
7.1
(3.3)
4.9*#
(2.4)
4.2*#
(2.0)
7.3
(3.7)
7.3
(4.0)
Dietary cholesterol (mg) 456.9* (291.3) 432.9
(254.9)
436.1
(250.2)
423.1 (240.2) 360.2*#
(231.9)
361.4*#
(253.4)
289.3
(181.2)
276.4
(163.3)
Dietary cholesterol (mg/MJ) 39.6
(21.7)
44.6*#
(27.7)
39,6
(19,9)
40.0
(18.2)
41.1*#
(23.7)
43.8*#
(23.9)
37.1
(20.1)
36.8
(20.1)
  1. *p < 0.05, compared to 2007; # p < 0.05, compared to 1999, using analysis of variance and Bonferroni multiple comparison tests;
  2. Estimates are age-adjusted to the 2007 Lithuanian population
  3. Abbreviations: SD - standard deviation; E%- percentage of total energy intake; SFA - saturated fatty acids; MUFA - monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA - polyunsaturated fatty acids