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Table 2 Silhouettes chosen by mothers and their daughters to represent different dimensions of body image (intra-familial effect is present for constructs in which P values are > 0.05)

From: Intra-familial and ethnic effects on attitudinal and perceptual body image: a cohort of South African mother-daughter dyads

Silhouettes Overall Mother-Daughter relationship (n = 166) p value p value after adjusting for maternal BMI
Perceptual body size 5.0 ± 1.5 vs. 4.2 ± 1.2 <0.0011 <0. 0011
Ideal body size 3.9 ± 1.0 vs. 3.7 ± 1.4 = 0.3082 = 0.3082
Personal FID index score 1.2 ± 1.4 vs. 0.5 ± 1.4 <0.0011 = 0.6852
Friend FID index score 1.2 ± 1.6 vs. 0.5 ± 1.6 <0.0011 <0.05 1
Thin figure 1.3 ± 0.7 vs. 1.3 ± 0.9 = 0.962 = 0.96 2
Normal figure 3.9 ± 0.7 vs. 4.5 ± 1.2 <0.0011 <0.001 1
Fat figure 8.1 ± 1.4 vs. 7.8 ± 0.8 <0.051 = 0.342 2
Beautiful figure 3.7 ± 0.9 vs. 3.7 ± 1.4 = 0.8132 <0.001 1
Respected figure 4.4 ± 1.8 vs. 4.5 ± 2.0 = 0.6152 = 0.606 2
Figure showing happiness 4.1 ± 1.9 vs. 4.1 ± 1.6 = 0.6932 <0.001 1
  1. Values are presented as Means ± Standard Deviations. 1p < 0.05 - no mother-daughter (family) resemblance; 2p > 0.05 - family resemblance present