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Table 2 Association between regular leisure-time physical activity (≥10 MET·hr·wk- 1 vs. < 10 MET·hr·wk- 1) and demographic, biological, behavioral, environmental, psychosocial, and cultural factors using multivariate logistic regression analysis in an adult population from southern Taiwan, 2007

From: The Correlates of Leisure Time Physical Activity among an Adults Population from Southern Taiwan

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Demographic and biological factors      
   Sex      
Female 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Male 1.245 (0.92-1.68) 1.17 (0.86-1.61) 1.31 (0.88-1.95) 1.34 (0.89-2.02) 1.36 (0.90-2.04)
   Age      
< 45 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
45-64 2.59 (1.79-3.76)** 2.62 (1.69-4.05)** 3.08 (1.91-4.95)** 2.68 (1.64-4.36)** 2.63 (1.61-4.30)*
≥65 5.13 (3.33-7.89)** 5.67 (3.26-9.87)** 6.32 (3.43-11.65)** 5.97 (3.21-11.13)** 5.85 (3.14-10.91)*
   Socioeconomic status      
High   1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Middle   0.70 (0.40-1.23) 0.77 (0.42-1.41) 0.77 (0.41-1.44) 0.82 (0.44-1.53)
Low   0.59 (0.36-0.98)* 0.91 (0.52-1.59) 0.92 (0.52-1.64) 0.93 (0.53-1.66)
   Marital status      
Married/Cohabiting   1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Widowed/Divorced/Separated   0.87 (0.51-1.46) 0.84 (0.48-1.46) 0.89 (0.51-1.56) 0.82 (0.46-1.44)
Single   0.63 (0.34-1.16) 0.73 (0.39-1.40) 0.90 (0.47-1.75) 0.84 (0.43-1.63)
   Care burden      
No   1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Yes   0.66 (0.45-0.98)* 0.72 (0.47-1.10) 0.74 (0.48-1.15) 0.75 (0.48-1.16)
   Chronic disease      
No   1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Yes   0.98 (0.69-1.39) 1.07 (0.74-1.55) 0.98 (0.67-1.42) 0.99 (0.68-1.46)
Psychological, cognitive and emotional factors
   Knowledge of health and exercise scores a    1.71 (1.17-2.51)** 1.85 (1.25-2.74)** 1.84 (1.24-2.73)*
   Self efficacy scores a    4.06 (2.72-6.05)** 3.99 (2.67-5.97)** 3.92 (2.62-5.87)*
Behavioral attributes and skills      
   School sports or exercise program      
Infrequent    1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Frequent    1.83 (1.18-2.85)** 1.86 (1.19-2.91)** 1.88 (1.20-2.93)*
   Cigarette smoking      
No    1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Yes    0.68 (0.42-1.08) 0.72 (0.45-1.16) 0.73 (0.45-1.18)
   Alcohol consumption      
No    1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Yes    0.62 (0.36-1.04) 0.62 (0.36-1.05) 0.59 (0.35-1.01)
   Sports media use scores a    2.05 (1.34-3.14)** 1.94 (1.26-2.98)** 1.94 (1.26-2.99)*
Physical environment factors      
   Home equipment numbers a     1.08 (0.72-1.61) 1.09 (0.73-1.63)
   Perceived convenience of facilities      
Poor     1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Great     2.04 (1.28-3.24)** 2.03 (1.28-3.23)*
Social and cultural factors      
   General social support scores a     1.66 (1.13-2.44)** -
Social support from family     - 1.04 (0.69-1.55)
Social support from friends     - 1.73 (1.14-2.63)*
Social support from medical staff     - 1.11 (0.77-1.59)
  R 2 CS = 0.080, R 2 CS = 0.093, R 2 CS = 0.166, R 2 CS = 0.199, R 2 CS = 0.216,
  R 2 N = 0.106 R 2 N = 0.124 R 2 N = 0.222 R 2 N = 0.266 R 2 N = 0.289
  1. Data were expressed as OR (95% CI); Logistic regression analysis, * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; R 2 CS = Cox & Snell R Square; R 2 N = Negelkerke R Square
  2. a Upper quartile vs. lower three fourth,