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Table 3 Adjusted risk of Absenteeism for those with and without co-morbid psychological distress compared to the reference group that had neither the indexed health condition nor co-morbid psychological distress, using negative binomial logistic regression; reporting Incidence Rate Ratios (IRR)

From: Health-related productivity losses increase when the health condition is co-morbid with psychological distress: findings from a large cross-sectional sample of working Australians

   Without co-morbid PD With co-morbid PD
HEALTH CONDITION Model n % IRR (95%CIs) % IRR (95%CIs)
Arthritis 62295 3.5 1.07* (1.01-1.13) 0.2 1.41* (1.08-1.83)
Asthma 63021 6.3 1.03 (0.99-1.08) 0.3 1.15 (0.94-1.40)
Back/neck pain 67715 29.6 1.02 (0.99-1.05) 1.5 1.33** (1.22-1.46)
Cancers 71446 3.1 1.08* (1.02-1.15) 0.14 1.83** (1.44-2.43)
COPD 68787 0.4 1.44 (0.96-1.35) 0.03 1.63 (0.91-2.91)
CVD 70954 0.8 0.96 (0.85-1.08) 0.06 1.34 (0.87-2.06)
Drug & Alcohol 69237 3.0 1.32* (1.00-1.75) 0.5 1.48 (0.99-2.23)
Diabetes 70816 2.0 0.89*(0.83-0.96) 0.12 1.15 (0.85-1.55)
Fatigue/sleep problems 71555 0.6 0.99 (0.86-1.13) 0.10 1.28 (0.93-1.74)
High Blood Pressure 68091 8.1 0.94* (0.90-0.98) 0.3 1.19 (1.00-1.42)
High Cholesterol 65817 5.7 0.93* (0.89-0.98) 0.2 1.27*(1.03-1.57)
Migraine/severe headache 67969 9.1 1.01 (0.97-1.05) 0.7 1.29** (1.14-1.46)
Obesity 68980 11.0 1.06* (1.02-1.09) 0.7 1.33** (1.17-1.51)
Workplace Injury 72095 7.0 1.19** (1.14-1.24) 0.5 1.46** (1.26-1.69)
  1. Adjusting for: treatment-seeking behaviour, number of co-morbidities, income, industry, public/private sector, occupation, contractor, supervisory role, rate of work accidents per employer, age, education, sex, job security, hours worked in last week, marital status, children, and hours expected to work p.w. (as perceived by employee)
  2. *: p < 0.05; **: p < 0.001; † trend < 0.1