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Table 2 Unadjusted risk of Absenteeism for those with and without co-morbid psychological distress compared to the reference group that had neither the indexed health condition nor co-morbid psychological distress, using negative binomial logistic regression; reporting Incidence Rate Ratios (IRR)

From: Health-related productivity losses increase when the health condition is co-morbid with psychological distress: findings from a large cross-sectional sample of working Australians

   Without co-morbid PD With co-morbid PD
HEALTH CONDITION Model n % IRR (95%CIs) % IRR (95%CIs)
Arthritis 64888 3.5 1.40** (1.32-1.49) 0.2 2.24** (1.73-2.92)
Asthma 65788 6.3 1.22** (1.17-1.28) 0.3 1.75** (1.43-2.14)
Back/neck pain 70579 29.6 1.22** (1.19-1.25) 1.5 2.02** (1.85-2.21)
Cancers 74514 3.1 1.27** (1.20-1.35) 0.14 2.36** (1.81-3.08)
COPD 71750 0.4 1.51** (1.27-1.79) 0.03 2.80* (1.55-4.92)
CVD 74002 0.8 1.17* (1.03-1.32) 0.06 2.14* (1.39-3.29)
Drug & Alcohol 72227 3.0 1.74** (1.30-2.32) 0.5 2.24** (1.47-3.44)
Diabetes 73853 2.0 1.18** (1.10-1.27) 0.12 1.60* (1.18-2.16)
Fatigue/sleep problems 74630 0.6 1.48** (1.29-1.69) 0.10 2.08** (1.51-2.87)
High Blood Pressure 71009 8.1 1.14** (1.10-1.19) 0.3 1.82** (1.52-2.18)
High Cholesterol 68637 5.7 1.10** (1.05-1.16) 0.2 1.87** (1.50-2.32)
Migraine/severe headache 70881 9.1 1.22** (1.17-1.26) 0.7 1.94** (1.71-2.20)
Obesity 71849 11.0 1.22** (1.18-1.27) 0.7 2.04** (1.79-2.32)
Workplace Injury 75031 7.0 1.43** (1.37-1.49) 0.5 2.66** (2.29-3.09)
  1. *: p < 0.05; **: p < 0.001; † trend < 0.1