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Table 4 Means and bootstrapped β-coefficient* with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for energy adjusted intake, of macronutrients, fibre, and selected food items among Iranians lining in Iran and Sweden adjusted for sex, age, education, and marital status

From: Dietary differences between elderly Iranians living in Sweden and Iran a cross-sectional comparative study

  Adjusted means Main model
Dietary variables Mean CI β-coefficient CI
Protein     
Iranians in Iran 65.7 61.9-69.6 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 83.6 80.8-86.3 17.9 13.1 - 22.7
Carbohydrates     
Iranians in Iran 351.7 338.7-364.7 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 265.3 256.0-274.5 -86.4 -104.5 - -68.4
Fat     
Iranians in Iran 74.7 66.0-79.4 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 97.4 93.0-101.7 24.6 15.9 - 33.4
Fiber     
Iranians in Iran 10.2 6.2-14.1 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 25.7 23.7-27.7 15.5 10.8 - 20.2
Bread and grain     
Iranians in Iran 350.0 318.1-381.9 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 272.5 252.8-292.3 -77.4 -117.5 - -37.4
Vegetables and roots     
Iranians in Iran 310.0 235.1-384.8 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 430.1 368.8-496.5 120.2 24.6 - 215.7
Fruit     
Iranians in Iran 234.2 180.3-288.1 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 435.4 391.1-479.7 201.2 130.7 - 271.6
Meat     
Iranians in Iran 83.7 70.9-96.5 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 170.1 159.4-180.9 86.4 69.0 - 103.8
Dairy     
Iranians in Iran 285.6 202.7-368.4 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 448.4 408.8-487.9 162.8 70.5 - 255.1
Edible fat     
Iranians in Iran 31.7 27.1-36.4 0 Reference
Iranians in Sweden 50.6 46.5-54.6 18.9 12.5 - 25.3
  1. * The reference is given the value of zero so that the value of the β-coefficient corresponds to the difference in gram for all macronutrients, fibre, and food items compared to the reference category.