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Table 5 HRQoL norms* in French general population from 12 to 75 years old with no self-reported chronic disease (n = 13559)

From: Health-related quality of life in French adolescents and adults: norms for the DUKE Health Profile

  Men Women Total
  12-17 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-75 Total 12-17 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-75 Total  
Physical health                  
n= 608 593 1217 1180 985 745 460 5788 676 703 1648 1571 1279 1089 753 7719 13507
Mean 81.3 79.8 80.4 79.1 76.3 79.7 75.8 79.1 73.9 72.7 71.2 72.0 69.8 69.1 66.0 71.0 75.0
Standard deviation 18.4 19.8 16.5 17.2 20.5 16.3 21.3 18.4 19.6 20.0 18.4 18.2 18.8 16.9 18.4 18.6 19.0
Error standard of the mean 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.2
Percentile 25 th 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 60.0 60.0
Median 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 80.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 90.0 90.0
Minimum 20.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
Ceiling effect (%) 18.1 16.2 18.2 16.5 14.7 21.0 15.1 17.0 11.7 9.1 9.4 8.9 8.6 10.9 6.0 9.2 13.1
Mental health                  
n= 606 593 1218 1179 981 745 454 5776 677 703 1646 1570 1278 1089 764 7727 13503
Mean 74.9 75.3 80.8 80.6 79.3 83.1 82.6 79.3 66.0 67.7 72.8 72.6 72.8 74.6 77.0 71.9 75.6
Standard deviation 22.1 24.7 17.8 17.9 19.2 16.1 18.9 19.4 23.4 21.7 18.9 19.5 19.1 16.6 17.8 19.6 19.9
Error standard of the mean 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.2
Percentile 25 th 60.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 70.0 60.0 60.0
Median 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 90.0 90.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 80.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 100.0 100.0 90.0 80.0 80.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 20.0 10.0 20.0 10.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2
Ceiling effect (%) 12.5 15.9 22.8 22.1 21.2 30.6 31.9 21.5 8.7 7.6 11.7 13.3 14.9 19.4 19.6 13.2 17.3
Social health                  
n= 607 589 1210 1169 967 742 448 5732 674 701 1644 1564 1268 1075 758 7684 13416
Mean 70.5 68.0 68.7 66.6 66.1 65.2 65.5 67.4 65.6 67.0 68.6 67.8 66.1 67.2 67.1 67.2 67.3
Standard deviation 20.0 22.7 18.1 17.8 18.7 16.6 18.5 18.8 18.5 19.0 15.9 16.6 16.4 14.2 15.3 16.4 17.5
Error standard of the mean 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.1
Percentile 25 th 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 50.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0
Median 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0
Percentile 75th 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0
Minimum 20.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 10.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 -0.0 0.0 0.0
Ceiling effect (%) 5.7 4.5 4.5 3.1 3.5 4.2 3.7 4.1 3.0 4.1 4.6 5.7 4.5 6.2 5.1 4.8 4.5
General health                  
n= 605 589 1207 1166 960 738 438 5703 669 699 1643 1549 1259 1067 734 7620 13323
Mean 75.6 74.4 76.6 75.4 74.0 76.0 74.6 75.3 68.6 69.2 70.8 70.8 69.6 70.3 70.2 70.1 72.7
Standard deviation 13.8 16.6 12.9 13.2 13.9 11.8 14.5 13.7 15.1 15.0 13.1 13.6 13.5 11.9 12.9 13.5 13.8
Error standard of the mean 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
Percentile 25 th 70.0 66.7 70.0 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 60.0 60.0 63.3 63.3 60.0 60.0 63.3 60.0 63.3
Median 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.7 73.3 76.7 76.7 76.7 70.0 70.0 73.3 73.3 70.0 73.3 73.3 70.0 73.3
Percentile 75th 83.3 83.3 86.7 86.7 83.3 86.7 83.3 83.3 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 83.3
Minimum 26.7 23.3 26.7 16.7 13.3 23.3 30.0 13.3 20.0 20.0 23.3 20.0 16.7 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 96.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ceiling effect (%) 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.6
Perceived health                  
n= 607 593 1219 1180 985 745 460 5789 678 704 1647 1578 1279 1094 769 7749 13538
Mean 71.4 75.0 80.3 79.1 75.1 75.2 75.6 76.4 69.5 73.9 76.8 76.7 75.3 75.0 70.4 74.6 75.5
Standard deviation 43.8 45.1 33.1 31.8 34.6 28.1 34.2 35.4 39.3 37.9 31.7 30.6 28.8 24.8 28.1 31.3 33.1
Error standard of the mean 1.5 1.5 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.5 0.4 1.4 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.3
Percentile 25 th 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Median 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 50.0 100.0 100.0
Percentile 75th 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 13.4 12.7 7.7 6.5 7.3 5.8 7.1 8.6 14.6 12.4 10.3 8.2 6.0 7.2 7.6 9.3 9.0
Ceiling effect (%) 56.3 62.8 68.2 64.6 57.5 56.2 58.2 61.4 53.6 60.1 63.9 61.6 56.5 57.1 48.5 58.5 60.0
Self-esteem                  
n= 607 590 1211 1169 966 743 446 5732 672 701 1646 1561 1269 1077 757 7683 13415
Mean 77.6 76.2 80.5 80.4 79.8 79.9 80.9 79.4 68.2 70.9 76.1 76.3 76.4 77.2 80.0 75.1 77.2
Standard deviation 20.5 23.9 17.5 17.4 17.4 15.2 17.5 18.4 20.0 19.3 16.3 16.8 16.8 14.4 15.5 17.1 17.8
Error standard of the mean 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2
Percentile 25 th 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 70.0
Median 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 100.0 90.0 80.0 80.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0
Minimum 20.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 30.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
Ceiling effect (%) 16.1 16.3 21.1 21.1 19.8 21.6 25.4 19.9 5.8 6.5 14.1 15.9 15.6 18.4 22.3 14.0 17.0
Anxiety                  
n= 607 592 1215 1174 971 740 449 5748 674 702 1645 1561 1268 1076 758 7684 13432
Mean 28.6 31.8 27.4 27.1 27.3 22.4 22.6 27.3 35.3 36.8 33.3 31.7 31.8 29.1 27.5 32.4 29.9
Standard deviation 22.1 23.1 18.6 18.3 19.2 15.3 17.7 19.3 20.9 19.8 16.7 17.4 17.3 14.8 15.8 17.5 18.5
Error standard of the mean 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2
Percentile 25 th 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 8.3 8.3 16.7 25.0 25.0 25.0 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Median 25.0 33.3 25.0 25.0 25.0 16.7 16.7 25.0 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 25.0 25.0 33.3 25.0
Percentile 75th 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 33.3 33.3 41.7 50.0 50.0 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 83.3 91.7 91.7 91.7 91.7 83.3 75.0 91.7 91.7 83.3 91.7 91.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 5.8 4.6 8.7 8.8 8.1 15.7 13.9 8.7 4.4 1.8 4.4 4.9 6.4 9.4 8.3 5.4 7.0
Ceiling effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Depression                  
n= 608 593 1218 1180 982 744 455 5780 679 704 1647 1575 1278 1089 768 7740 13520
Mean 27.9 28.8 21.3 21.0 21.7 17.4 19.8 22.8 35.6 33.9 29.7 28.8 29.0 27.9 26.8 30.1 26.5
Standard deviation 23.3 24.5 18.6 18.0 19.4 15.9 19.6 20.0 23.2 22.0 19.0 19.3 19.3 16.8 18.1 19.6 20.1
Error standard of the mean 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.2
Percentile 25 th 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 10.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Median 20.0 30.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 10.0 20.0 20.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 20.0 30.0 20.0
Percentile 75th 40.0 40.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 50.0 50.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 100.0 70.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 9.4 8.9 16.7 17.1 18.7 27.6 22.8 16.6 7.5 6.0 9.1 10.5 11.4 14.7 13.0 10.1 13.3
Ceiling effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1
Pain                  
n= 608 593 1219 1181 987 747 462 5797 679 704 1648 1578 1283 1093 771 7756 13553
Mean 21.5 24.6 24.3 27.0 32.1 28.2 34.0 26.9 28.5 29.2 31.7 32.5 36.5 39.1 40.9 33.5 30.3
Standard deviation 36.9 40.8 31.5 32.6 36.0 28.4 35.0 34.3 33.6 36.2 32.1 31.6 32.1 27.5 30.8 32.0 33.2
Error standard of the mean 1.2 1.3 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.5 0.4 1.2 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2 0.4 0.3
Percentile 25 th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Median 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Percentile 75th 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 63.0 58.9 56.7 53.2 45.6 50.1 41.7 53.5 50.2 52.2 48.3 45.7 39.9 37.6 34.6 44.8 49.1
Ceiling effect (%) 6.0 8.0 5.3 7.1 9.9 6.4 9.7 7.4 7.1 10.6 11.6 10.6 13.0 15.8 16.4 11.8 9.6
Disability                  
n= 608 593 1219 1180 986 747 462 5795 680 704 1647 1578 1283 1094 771 7757 13552
Mean 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.7 2.3 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.6 2.8 4.2 3.1 2.8 2.3 1.9 3.0 2.6
Standard deviation 15.0 16.1 11.9 14.7 14.5 10.5 14.0 13.7 14.2 13.5 16.3 14.9 14.4 10.5 10.4 14.0 13.9
Error standard of the mean 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1
Percentile 25 th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Median 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Percentile 75th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 95.9 96.4 97.3 96.0 96.8 97.9 97.0 96.7 95.7 94.9 93.7 95.9 96.3 96.8 97.2 95.6 96.1
Ceiling effect (%) 0.7 1.0 0.8 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.5 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.4 0.9 1.6 1.3
  1. * Weighted by number of eligible persons in the household and imputed from 1999 INSEE National Census data.