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Table 4 HRQoL norms* in French general population from 12 to 75 years old with self-reported chronic disease (n = 4,153)

From: Health-related quality of life in French adolescents and adults: norms for the DUKE Health Profile

  Men Women Total
  12-17 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-75 Total 12-17 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-75 Total  
Physical health                  
n= 62 44 177 222 329 375 402 1611 55 105 276 338 489 631 625 2519 4130
Mean 74.2 72.1 69.2 70.1 66.5 68.3 65.7 68.0 60.0 61.9 63.4 57.2 55.9 57.3 55.4 57.6 62.5
Standard deviation 23.7 20.8 21.4 20.2 25.2 19.6 23.7 22.4 21.8 21.7 20.1 23.5 20.4 18.2 19.6 20.3 21.7
Error standard of the mean 2.5 2.4 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1 0.5 2.7 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.4
Percentile 25 th 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 60.0 50.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 50.0
Median 80.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 70.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 80.0
Minimum 20.0 30.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 10.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.8 1.4 0.6 1.6 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 1.8 1.1 1.8 1.4 1.2
Ceiling effect (%) 16.2 7.7 9.1 3.3 6.7 9.2 4.5 6.9 4.2 3.7 4.4 2.4 2.5 3.4 1.2 2.7 4.6
Mental health                  
n= 62 44 178 221 329 376 401 1611 55 105 276 338 486 628 620 2508 4119
Mean 67.9 73.8 74.4 73.4 74.6 78.2 79.1 75.9 61.8 65.7 67.4 65.0 63.2 68.3 70.4 66.8 71.0
Standard deviation 26.5 23.3 21.4 19.6 20.6 17.2 18.2 19.8 24.0 24.6 21.0 23.1 21.3 17.4 19.3 20.5 20.7
Error standard of the mean 2.8 2.7 1.6 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.5 3.0 2.2 1.4 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.3
Percentile 25 th 50.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 60.0
Median 70.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 90.0 90.0 80.0 90.0
Minimum 20.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.1 1.6 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.6
Ceiling effect (%) 9.1 8.7 13.1 12.3 14.9 21.2 17.7 15.7 6.0 7.4 7.0 8.2 7.8 8.4 10.9 8.5 11.9
Social health                  
n= 62 45 176 217 327 374 392 1593 55 105 276 336 486 623 617 2498 4091
Mean 67.9 69.6 69.0 65.4 64.3 64.5 63.1 65.1 66.2 64.8 68.9 63.7 63.9 65.8 64.0 65.0 65.0
Standard deviation 22.0 23.8 19.4 19.7 19.4 17.1 19.9 19.4 19.6 22.6 15.9 18.8 17.4 15.2 16.6 17.1 18.0
Error standard of the mean 2.3 2.8 1.4 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.5 2.4 2.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.3
Percentile 25 th 60.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 50.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Median 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 70.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0
Percentile 75th 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0
Minimum 20.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.2 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2
Ceiling effect (%) 8.9 11.7 6.9 5.4 4.8 2.1 4.3 5.0 0.0 8.4 4.9 4.2 4.9 5.9 5.2 5.1 5.0
General health                  
n= 62 44 175 216 324 374 385 1580 55 105 276 333 481 614 599 2463 4043
Mean 70.0 71.9 71.0 69.7 68.4 70.3 69.2 69.6 62.7 64.2 66.6 62.0 61.0 63.8 63.3 63.1 66.2
Standard deviation 17.7 14.5 15.3 15.0 16.0 13.0 14.5 14.8 15.7 16.5 14.0 17.3 15.1 12.6 13.6 14.5 14.9
Error standard of the mean 1.9 1.7 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 1.9 1.5 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.2
Percentile 25 th 60.0 66.7 63.3 60.0 56.7 63.3 60.0 60.0 53.3 53.3 56.7 50.0 50.0 53.3 53.3 53.3 56.7
Median 70.0 73.3 73.3 73.3 70.0 73.3 70.0 73.3 63.3 66.7 70.0 63.3 63.3 66.7 63.3 63.3 66.7
Percentile 75th 80.0 80.0 83.3 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 73.3 76.7 76.7 73.3 73.3 76.7 73.3 73.3 76.7
Minimum 36.7 26.7 20.0 30.0 13.3 16.7 26.7 13.3 26.7 23.3 16.7 10.0 6.7 16.7 10.0 6.7 6.7
Maximum 93.3 86.7 96.7 100.0 96.7 100.0 96.7 100.0 86.7 93.3 96.7 96.7 100.0 96.7 96.7 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ceiling effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Perceived health                  
n= 62 45 178 222 330 374 403 1614 55 105 275 340 489 633 631 2528 4142
Mean 70.8 80.5 66.6 59.9 53.9 51.5 52.0 57.0 66.9 60.6 62.7 57.6 54.0 53.3 50.3 55.4 56.2
Standard deviation 40.1 34.4 34.0 39.9 38.7 32.7 36.5 37.2 39.2 43.2 34.3 35.8 33.0 27.4 28.3 32.0 34.1
Error standard of the mean 4.3 4.0 2.5 2.5 2.0 1.8 1.7 0.9 4.8 3.9 2.2 2.0 1.6 1.4 1.3 0.7 0.6
Percentile 25 th 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Median 100.0 100.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Percentile 75th 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 50.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 50.0 100.0 100.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 10.1 2.0 11.0 20.5 22.7 22.8 20.2 19.0 13.9 23.4 17.5 20.1 21.9 20.9 20.8 20.5 19.8
Ceiling effect (%) 51.6 63.0 44.2 40.4 30.4 25.8 24.3 33.1 47.6 44.5 42.8 35.4 30.0 27.6 21.4 31.3 32.2
Self-esteem                  
n= 62 45 176 217 327 375 391 1593 55 105 276 335 483 619 612 2485 4078
Mean 71.7 77.5 77.8 74.5 77.4 76.2 77.5 76.6 66.8 68.6 73.1 70.5 70.3 72.7 73.8 71.7 74.0
Standard deviation 20.7 21.4 18.5 19.1 19.5 16.8 17.9 18.5 20.4 22.3 16.4 19.4 19.0 14.9 16.4 17.4 18.0
Error standard of the mean 2.2 2.5 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.4 2.5 2.0 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.3
Percentile 25 th 60.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0
Median 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 80.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 80.0 90.0 90.0 80.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0
Minimum 40.0 10.0 20.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 10.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1
Ceiling effect (%) 6.4 12.4 17.2 14.2 17.8 14.7 15.0 15.1 2.9 10.5 10.6 7.1 10.4 11.2 13.0 10.4 12.6
Anxiety                  
n= 62 44 177 220 328 375 395 1601 55 105 276 336 486 626 620 2504 4105
Mean 36.2 35.7 35.0 34.5 32.1 28.2 26.5 30.9 43.5 41.8 38.8 41.8 40.5 35.8 33.2 38.1 34.7
Standard deviation 25.3 22.7 19.9 20.5 20.2 17.3 17.1 19.4 21.5 20.7 17.4 19.8 17.4 15.5 16.9 17.7 18.7
Error standard of the mean 2.7 2.6 1.5 1.3 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.5 2.6 1.9 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.3
Percentile 25 th 25.0 25.0 25.0 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 33.3 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 16.7 25.0 16.7
Median 33.3 41.7 33.3 33.3 33.3 25.0 25.0 25.0 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Percentile 75th 50.0 41.7 50.0 50.0 41.7 41.7 33.3 41.7 50.0 58.3 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 41.7 50.0 50.0
Minimum 0.0 8.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 83.3 75.0 100.0 91.7 91.7 91.7 83.3 100.0 91.7 91.7 91.7 100.0 100.0 91.7 91.7 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 3.3 0.0 3.1 3.9 5.6 7.1 6.7 5.3 4.4 0.0 1.2 0.6 2.0 4.9 6.2 3.2 4.2
Ceiling effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2
Depression                  
n= 62 44 178 222 330 376 400 1612 55 105 276 339 487 631 627 2520 4132
Mean 35.7 33.3 28.7 27.1 27.7 23.6 23.1 26.3 44.9 37.1 35.5 38.7 39.1 34.0 32.9 36.2 31.6
Standard deviation 30.5 26.5 21.3 19.4 22.0 17.9 19.4 20.9 26.2 24.2 21.0 22.2 20.2 17.2 19.4 20.2 21.0
Error standard of the mean 3.2 3.1 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.5 3.2 2.2 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.3
Percentile 25 th 20.0 20.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 30.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Median 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 50.0 30.0 30.0 40.0 40.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
Percentile 75th 50.0 50.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 30.0 40.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 80.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.0 80.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 7.7 6.4 9.6 8.4 13.3 16.4 13.9 12.4 4.4 5.6 5.0 3.7 2.8 7.1 8.9 5.7 8.8
Ceiling effect (%) 3.4 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.5 1.7 2.1 0.3 1.6 0.3 1.4 1.2 0.8
Pain                  
n= 62 45 177 222 331 375 404 1616 55 105 276 340 490 635 632 2533 4149
Mean 34.5 39.9 41.0 41.2 44.9 43.0 44.6 42.8 41.2 53.7 46.5 52.3 56.1 55.9 56.8 53.9 48.7
Standard deviation 39.2 46.8 37.7 34.2 39.5 32.4 38.1 36.9 36.5 39.6 34.8 36.9 34.8 29.2 32.3 33.6 35.3
Error standard of the mean 4.2 5.4 2.8 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7 0.9 4.5 3.6 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.5 0.7 0.6
Percentile 25 th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 0.0
Median 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Percentile 75th 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 100.0 50.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 41.6 38.1 37.8 31.3 32.9 31.8 30.2 32.9 32.1 23.2 31.5 26.0 23.1 22.1 21.5 24.3 28.3
Ceiling effect (%) 10.6 17.8 19.8 13.7 22.7 17.8 19.5 18.6 14.5 30.6 24.4 30.6 35.4 34.0 35.1 32.0 25.8
Disability                  
n= 62 45 178 222 331 376 404 1618 55 105 276 340 490 635 633 2534 4152
Mean 5.5 2.0 6.9 6.7 4.1 3.5 5.8 5.1 3.7 5.5 6.6 6.1 5.6 4.5 3.7 5.1 5.1
Standard deviation 20.5 12.8 22.6 23.4 19.2 15.1 24.2 20.7 14.5 19.1 21.0 20.2 19.1 14.8 14.7 17.4 18.7
Error standard of the mean 2.2 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.0 0.8 1.1 0.5 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.3
Percentile 25 th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Median 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Percentile 75th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 50.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 50.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 90.0 95.9 90.1 90.8 94.6 95.0 92.9 93.1 92.6 90.3 91.1 90.8 92.5 93.8 94.8 92.7 92.9
Ceiling effect (%) 1.0 0.0 3.9 4.1 2.7 1.9 4.6 3.2 0.0 1.3 4.3 3.1 3.6 2.8 2.2 2.9 3.0
  1. * Weighted by number of eligible persons in the household and imputed from 1999 INSEE National Census data.