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Table 3 HRQoL norms* in French general population from 12 to 75 years old (n = 17,733)

From: Health-related quality of life in French adolescents and adults: norms for the DUKE Health Profile

  Men Women Total
  12-17 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-75 Total 12-17 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-75 Total  
Physical health                  
n= 670 637 1396 1403 1316 1121 863 7406 733 809 1927 1910 1770 1721 1381 10251 17657
Mean 80.7 79.3 79.0 77.6 74.0 75.9 71.1 76.8 72.9 71.3 70.1 69.2 66.1 64.8 61.3 67.9 72.3
Standard deviation 19.1 20.1 17.6 18.1 22.2 18.2 23.1 19.9 20.2 20.6 18.9 20.0 20.1 18.0 19.5 19.7 20.3
Error standard of the mean 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2
Percentile 25 th 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 70.0 60.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 60.0
Median 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 70.0 80.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 90.0
Minimum 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.5
Ceiling effect (%) 18.0 15.6 17.1 14.4 12.8 17.0 10.1 14.9 11.2 8.4 8.7 7.7 7.0 8.1 3.9 7.8 11.3
Mental health                  
n= 668 637 1398 1401 1311 1123 856 7394 734 809 1924 1909 1766 1718 1387 10247 17641
Mean 74.3 75.2 80.0 79.5 78.2 81.5 81.0 78.6 65.8 67.5 72.0 71.2 70.2 72.3 74.1 70.7 74.6
Standard deviation 22.7 24.6 18.4 18.3 19.6 16.6 18.6 19.6 23.5 22.1 19.3 20.4 20.1 17.1 18.8 19.9 20.2
Error standard of the mean 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2
Percentile 25 th 60.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0
Median 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 90.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 80.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 100.0 100.0 90.0 80.0 80.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.2
Ceiling effect (%) 12.2 15.4 21.6 20.5 19.7 27.4 25.2 20.3 8.6 7.6 11.0 12.4 13.0 15.3 15.8 12.1 16.2
Social health                  
n= 669 634 1388 1387 1296 1118 841 7333 730 807 1923 1901 1756 1699 1378 10194 17527
Mean 70.3 68.1 68.7 66.4 65.7 64.9 64.4 66.9 65.7 66.7 68.6 67.0 65.5 66.7 65.7 66.7 66.8
Standard deviation 20.2 22.8 18.2 18.1 18.9 16.7 19.2 18.9 18.6 19.5 15.9 17.1 16.7 14.6 15.9 16.6 17.6
Error standard of the mean 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1
Percentile 25 th 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 50.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 60.0 60.0
Median 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0
Percentile 75th 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0
Minimum 20.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1
Ceiling effect (%) 6.0 5.1 4.7 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0 4.3 2.8 4.7 4.7 5.4 4.6 6.1 5.2 4.9 4.6
General health                  
n= 667 633 1384 1383 1285 1113 824 7289 725 805 1921 1883 1742 1682 1336 10094 17383
Mean 75.1 74.2 75.9 74.5 72.7 74.0 72.1 74.1 68.2 68.6 70.2 69.1 67.3 67.9 67.1 68.5 71.3
Standard deviation 14.4 16.4 13.3 13.7 14.7 12.5 14.8 14.1 15.2 15.3 13.3 14.7 14.4 12.4 13.6 14.0 14.3
Error standard of the mean 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
Percentile 25 th 70.0 66.7 70.0 66.7 63.3 66.7 63.3 66.7 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 56.7 56.7 56.7 60.0 63.3
Median 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.7 73.3 76.7 73.3 76.7 70.0 70.0 73.3 70.0 66.7 70.0 70.0 70.0 73.3
Percentile 75th 83.3 83.3 83.3 83.3 83.3 83.3 83.3 83.3 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 76.7 80.0 76.7 80.0 80.0
Minimum 26.7 23.3 20.0 16.7 13.3 16.7 26.7 13.3 20.0 20.0 16.7 10.0 6.7 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 96.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 -0.0 0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ceiling effect (%) 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5
Perceived health                  
n= 669 638 1399 1403 1317 1121 864 7411 735 810 1925 1919 1770 1728 1403 10290 17701
Mean 71.4 75.4 78.6 76.0 69.9 67.1 64.5 72.4 69.4 72.1 74.8 73.2 69.6 67.0 61.5 70.2 71.3
Standard deviation 43.5 44.5 33.5 34.0 37.0 31.5 37.5 36.8 39.3 38.9 32.4 32.4 31.3 27.1 29.5 32.3 34.3
Error standard of the mean 1.4 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.2 0.4 1.3 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.3
Percentile 25 th 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Median 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 50.0 50.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 100.0 100.0
Percentile 75th 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 13.1 11.9 8.0 8.7 11.1 11.7 13.2 10.8 14.5 13.8 11.3 10.4 10.2 12.3 13.5 11.9 11.3
Ceiling effect (%) 55.9 62.8 65.3 60.7 50.9 45.8 42.3 55.6 53.2 58.1 60.9 56.7 49.4 46.3 36.5 52.3 53.9
Self-esteem                  
n= 669 635 1389 1387 1295 1120 838 7333 728 807 1924 1897 1754 1697 1372 10179 17512
Mean 77.1 76.2 80.2 79.4 79.3 78.7 79.3 78.8 68.2 70.6 75.7 75.2 74.8 75.6 77.2 74.4 76.5
Standard deviation 20.6 23.7 17.7 17.8 18.0 15.8 17.7 18.4 20.0 19.7 16.4 17.4 17.6 14.6 16.2 17.2 17.9
Error standard of the mean 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
Percentile 25 th 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 60.0 70.0 60.0 70.0
Median 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0
Percentile 75th 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 80.0 80.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.0
Minimum 20.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Ceiling effect (%) 15.2 16.0 20.6 20.0 19.4 19.2 20.5 18.9 5.6 7.0 13.6 14.3 14.2 15.7 18.2 13.2 16.0
Anxiety                  
n= 669 636 1394 1395 1300 1116 845 7355 731 808 1924 1898 1756 1703 1381 10201 17556
Mean 29.2 32.1 28.3 28.3 28.5 24.4 24.5 28.0 35.9 37.4 34.1 33.5 34.1 31.6 30.0 33.7 30.9
Standard deviation 22.5 23.1 18.9 18.8 19.6 16.2 17.5 19.4 21.0 20.0 16.9 18.2 17.7 15.3 16.5 17.7 18.6
Error standard of the mean 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
Percentile 25 th 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 8.3 16.7 16.7 25.0 25.0 25.0 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Median 25.0 33.3 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 25.0 33.3 33.3
Percentile 75th 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 41.7 33.3 33.3 41.7 50.0 50.0 50.0 41.7 50.0 41.7 41.7 50.0 41.7
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 83.3 91.7 100.0 91.7 91.7 91.7 83.3 100.0 91.7 91.7 91.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 5.6 4.3 8.0 8.0 7.5 12.7 10.5 8.0 4.4 1.5 4.0 4.1 5.2 7.8 7.4 4.9 6.4
Ceiling effect (%) 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Depression                  
n= 670 637 1398 1403 1313 1121 856 7398 736 810 1926 1915 1767 1721 1398 10273 17671
Mean 28.6 29.1 22.2 22.0 23.1 19.5 21.4 23.5 36.3 34.3 30.6 30.6 31.7 30.2 29.5 31.5 27.6
Standard deviation 24.2 24.6 19.1 18.3 20.3 16.8 19.5 20.2 23.6 22.3 19.4 20.2 20.0 17.1 18.9 19.9 20.4
Error standard of the mean 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2
Percentile 25 th 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 10.0 10.0 20.0 10.0
Median 30.0 30.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 20.0
Percentile 75th 40.0 40.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 50.0 50.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 90.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 80.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 9.3 8.7 15.9 15.8 17.4 23.8 18.6 15.7 7.3 5.9 8.5 9.2 9.1 11.9 11.2 9.1 12.4
Ceiling effect (%) 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.3
Pain                  
n= 670 638 1398 1404 1320 1124 867 7421 736 810 1927 1919 1775 1729 1406 10302 17723
Mean 22.6 25.7 26.3 29.3 35.3 33.2 39.0 30.2 29.4 32.4 33.8 36.2 41.8 45.3 47.9 38.2 34.3
Standard deviation 37.4 41.5 32.8 33.3 37.3 30.5 36.9 35.6 34.0 37.7 32.8 33.4 33.8 28.9 32.3 33.4 34.5
Error standard of the mean 1.2 1.3 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.4 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.3
Percentile 25 th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Median 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Percentile 75th 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 61.1 57.4 54.5 49.7 42.5 43.9 36.3 49.2 48.9 48.4 45.9 42.0 35.4 31.9 28.8 40.1 44.6
Ceiling effect (%) 6.4 8.7 7.0 8.2 13.0 10.3 14.3 9.7 7.6 13.2 13.5 14.3 18.9 22.5 24.6 16.4 13.1
Disability                  
n= 670 638 1399 1403 1319 1125 867 7421 737 810 1926 1919 1775 1730 1407 10304 17725
Mean 2.7 2.3 2.4 3.3 2.7 2.2 3.9 2.8 2.7 3.2 4.6 3.6 3.5 3.1 2.7 3.5 3.1
Standard deviation 15.6 15.9 13.8 16.4 15.8 12.2 19.5 15.6 14.2 14.4 17.0 16.0 15.8 12.3 12.5 14.9 15.2
Error standard of the mean 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1
Percentile 25 th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Median 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Percentile 75th 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Minimum 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maximum 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Floor effect (%) 95.4 96.3 96.5 95.1 96.3 96.9 95.1 96.0 95.5 94.2 93.3 94.9 95.3 95.7 96.2 94.9 95.4
Ceiling effect (%) 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.3 2.8 1.5 0.9 0.6 2.4 2.2 2.4 1.9 1.5 1.9 1.7
  1. *Weighted by number of eligible persons in the household and imputed from 1999 INSEE National Census data.