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Table 3 Differences in beliefs towards smoking among Surinamese women in the Netherlands and Suriname

From: How do psychosocial determinants in migrant women in the Netherlands differ from these among their counterparts in their country of origin? A cross-sectional study

  Suriname   Netherlands  
  n % agreed n % agreed
Affective attitude     
If you smoke do you feel comfortable? 37 (43.5) 125 (63.8)*
If you smoke do you feel normal? 55 (64.7) 136 (69.4)
If you smoke are you ashamed of yourself? 25 (29.4) 28 (14.3)*
Smoking is sociable 43 (49.4) 130 (66.3*)
Cognitive attitude     
If I smoke I have a higher chance of getting heart disease 75 (88.2) 152 (77.9)
If I smoke I bother other people 77 (90.6) 150 (76.9)*
If I smoke I have a higher chance of getting lung disease 80 (94.1) 150 (76.9)*
   % approved   % approved
Subjective norm partner     
What does your partner think about your smoking behavior? 31 (36.5) 150 (76.5)*
Subjective norm of family     
What do the men in your family think about your smoking behavior? 39 (45.9) 122 (62.2)
What do the other women in your family think about your smoking behavior? 34 (40.0) 98 (50.0)
Subjective norm of friends   % approved   % approved
What do your male friends think about your smoking behavior? 50 (58.8) 82 (82.1)*
What do your female friends think about your smoking behavior? 45 (52.9) 75 (75.0)*
   % agreed   % agreed
Perceived behavior partner     
Does your partner smoke? 42 (49.4) 57 (29.2)
Perceived behavior of family     
Do your male family members smoke? 70 (82.4) 145 (74.4)
Do your female family members smoke? 45 (52.9) 58.7 (58.7)
Perceived behavior of friends     
Do your male friends smoke? 58 (68.2) 138 (70.4)
Do your female friends smoke? 41 (48.4) 141 (72.3)*
  1. *p < 0,01