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Table 3 Factors associated with prevalent HIV infection among spouses of injection drug users enrolled in the Madras Injection Drug User and AIDS Cohort Study, Chennai, India, 2009 (n = 400)

From: The intersection between sex and drugs: a cross-sectional study among the spouses of injection drug users in Chennai, India

  Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Age (per 10 years) 1.05 (0.69 - 1.60)
Education status  
None 1
At least primary level education 1.54 (0.32 - 7.35)
Duration of marriage (per 5 years) 0.97 (0.63 - 1.50)
Employment status  
Daily wages 1
Weekly/monthly wages 5.59 (1.14 - 7.27)
Employed 5.11 (0.45 - 58.7)
Family income (rupees)  
< 500 1
500-1500 5 (1.09 - 22.9)
>1500 4.81 (0.95 - 24.5)
Alcohol use  
None 1
< 1/week 0.66 (0.08 - 5.42)
≥1/week 2.29 (0.46 - 11.5)
Ever used non-injection drugs 0.88 (0.18 - 4.22)
Lifetime number of sexual partners  
1 1
>1 2.55 (0.64 - 10.1)
Lifetime condom use with regular partner  
Never 1
Sometimes 3.04 (0.67 - 13.9)
Always 9.13 (1.93 - 43.2)
Ever exchanged sex for money/drugs 1.06 (0.13 - 8.62)
Had sex with someone known to be HIV+ 11.6 (3.15 - 42.8)
HIV status of husband  
Negative 1
Positive 17.9 (3.73 - 86.3)
Ever experienced sexual violence 0.47 (0.12 - 1.85)
  1. *Results from logistic regression analysis; OR, odds ratio; CI; confidence interval