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Table 1 Distribution of baseline characteristics of the women across BMI-MetS categories among women

From: "Predictability of body mass index for diabetes: Affected by the presence of metabolic syndrome?"

Women Normal weight Normal weight Overweight Overweight Obese Obese  
  Without MetS With MetS Without MetS With MetS Without MetS With MetS p
  (N = 859) (N = 72) (N = 907) (N = 331) (N = 371) (N = 524)  
Diabetic, n (%) 14(1.6) 11(15.3) 35(3.9) 42(12.7) 14(3.8) 106(20.2)  
Age, y 33.4(10.63) 52.3(11.79a 39.2(11.20)a 49.4(11.92)a 41.2(10.98)a 48.2(10.84)a <0.001
BMI, kg.m-2 22.1(2.12) 23.4(1.33)a 27.3(1.41)a 27.8(1.38)a 32.7 (2.69)a 33.8(3.24)a <0.001
Waist, cm 74.9(7.63) 82.1(8.08)a 85.3(6.92)a 92.4(7.45)a 95.0 (8.68)a 102.5(7.90)a <0.001
SBP, mmHg 107.6(11.70) 131.2(17.44)a 113.0(13.68)a 130.9(19.74)a 116.6 (14.42)a 129.3(19.64)a <0.001
DBP, mmHg 71.7(8.36) 82.5(8.34)a 75.1(8.20)a 84.5(9.55)a 78.0 (9.06)a 84.7(10.14)a <0.001
FPG, mmol/L 4.75(0.44) 5.30(0.56)a 4.87(0.45)a 5.23(0.59)a 4.82 (0.45) 5.27(0.59)a <0.001
2hPCPG, mmol/L 5.42(1.26) 6.77(1.58)a 5.90(1.39)a 6.92(1.64)a 5.8 9(1.33)a 7.00(1.61)a <0.001
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.24(0.29) 1.09(0.20)a 1.18(0.29)a 1.04(0.21)a 1.24 (0.30) 1.05(0.23)a <0.001
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.04(1.01-1.07) 2.31 (2.12-2.51)a 1.36 (1.32-1.4)a 2.35(2.25-2.46)a 1.34 (1.29-1.4)a 2.32 (2.24-2.41)a <0.001
Intervention, (%) 301(35.0) 29(40.3) 337(37.2) 123(37.2) 131(35.3) 187(35.7) 0.890
Smoking (%) 29(3.4) 3(4.2) 51(5.6) 15(4.5) 17 (4.6) 30(5.7) 0.273
Hypertension, (%) 36(4.2) 35(48.6) 66(7.3) 159(48.3)b 53 (14.3)b 243(46.6)b <0.001
History of CVD, (%) 4(0.5) 4(5.6)b 18(2.0)b 18(5.4)b 8 (2.2)b 26(5.0)b <0.001
Education, (%) Illiterate 139(16.2) 48(66.7)b 256(28.2)b 189(57.1)b 138 (37.2)b 327(62.4)b <0.001
Under diploma 589(68.6) 19(26.4)b 559(61.6)b 131(39.6)b 209 (56.3)b 183(34.9)b  
Over diploma 131(15.3) 5(6.9) 92(10.1)b 11(3.3)b 24 (6.5)b 14(2.7)b  
Family history DM,(%) 196(22.8) 20(27.8) 261(28.8)b 91(27.5) 105 (28.3) 170(32.4)b 0.005
  1. BMI, body mass index; CVD: Cardiovascular disease, DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose, HDL-C: High density lipoprotein cholesterol, MetS, metabolic syndrome; SBP, systolic blood pressure; 2hPCPG; 2 hours post-challenge plasma glucose,
  2. Data has been represented either as mean (SD) for continuous variables or n(%) for categorically distributed variables ANOVA; % is shown for categorical variables with P value according to chi-square; TG was log-transformed and is shown as geometric mean (CI).
  3. BMI (kg.m-2) categories: normal <25; overweight, 25-30; and obese ≥ 30.
  4. Hypertension: Blood pressure ≥ 140/90 and/or taking of antihypertensive medication.
  5. aP < 0.05 compared with normal-weight participants without MetS. (base on Dunnett t-test).
  6. b P < 0.01 compared with normal-weight participants without MetS. (base on chi-square test).