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Table 1 Pain prevalence and YSR syndrome scale scores, overall and by gender

From: Back and neck pain are related to mental health problems in adolescence

  Males
n = 806
Females
n = 774
p-value   Overall
n = 1580
Spinal Pain: (n, %)      
No Pain 482 (59.8) 404 (52.2)    886 (56.1)
Neck pain only 111 (13.8) 134 (17.3)    245 (15.5)
Back pain only 140 (17.3) 100 (12.9)    240 (15.2)
Neck and back pain 73 (9.1) 136 (17.6) < 0.001   209 (13.2)
YSR Syndrome Scores:mean (sd)      
Somatic
(0-18)
2.7 (2.5) 3.4 (2.7) < 0.001   3.1 (2.6)
Anxious/Depressed
(0-32)
3.3 (3.4) 5.1 (4.7) < 0.001   4.2 (4.2)
Withdrawn
(0-14)
2.5 (1.9) 3.2 (2.2) < 0.001   2.9 (2.1)
Aggressive
(0-38)
8.0 (5.1) 8.5 (5.1) 0.035   8.3 (5.1)
Rule-Breaking
(0-22)
3.1 (2.3) 2.8 (2.5) 0.013   2.9 (2.4)
Social
(0-16)
2.6 (2.1) 2.8 (2.2) 0.125   2.7 (2.1)
Thought
(0-14)
2.6 (2.1) 2.9 (2.4) 0.035   2.8 (2.2)
Attention
(0-18)
4.8 (3.0) 5.3 (3.1) 0.001   5.0 (3.1)