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Table 4 Odd ratios for TB risk factors according to origin of patients (not Italy-born/Italy-born) by age group

From: Epidemiology of tuberculosis in a low-incidence Italian region with high immigration rates: differences between not Italy-born and Italy-born TB cases

Risk factor n. not Italy-born cases + n. Italy-born cases^ Odds Ratio (95% CI)
  0 - 19 y (n = 143 + 121) 20 - 39 y (n = 1374 + 440) 40 - 59 y (n = 391 + 665) 60 - 79 y (n = 51 + 1579) ≥80 y (n = 5 + 608)
Homeless (n = 416) 39 + 2 22.3 (5.26 - 94.66)*** 292 + 0 - 72 + 1 149.9 (20.7 - 1083.3)*** 9 + 0 - 1 + 0 -
Prison (n = 30) 0 + 0 - 18 + 3 1.93 (0.57 - 6.60) 0 + 7 - 0 + 2 - 0 + 0 -
Case contact (n = 150) 14 + 36 0.26 (0.13 - 0.50)*** 82 + 33 0.79 (0.52 - 1.19) 16 + 27 1.01 (0.54 - 1.90) 0 + 37 - 0 + 5 -
HIV+ (n = 180) 0 + 0 - 66 + 56 0.35 (0.24 - 0.50)*** 15 + 27 0.94 (0.50 - 1.79) 0 + 12 - 0 + 4 -
Alcohol (n = 63) 0 + 0 - 18 + 2 2.91 (0.67 - 12.58) 8 + 18 0.75 (0.32 - 1.74) 0 + 16 - 0 + 1 -
i.v. Drug user (n = 47) 1 + 0 - 19 + 17 0.35 (0.18 - 0.68)** 0 + 7 - 0 + 3 - 0 + 0 -
Diabetes (n = 231) 0 + 0 - 9 + 2 1.44 (0.31 - 6.71) 23 + 37 1.06 (0.62 - 1.81) 8 + 108 2.53 (1.16 - 5.52)* 0 + 44 -
Disorders of absorption (n = 123) 4 + 1 3.45 (0.39 - 31.32) 21 + 6 1.12 (0.45 - 2.80) 9 + 10 1.54 (0.62 - 3.83) 3 + 42 2.29 (0.68 - 7.64) 0 + 27 -
Chronic Renal Failure (n = 64) 0 + 0 - 5 + 1 1.60 (0.19 - 13.76) 5 + 6 1.42 (0.43 - 4.69) 0 + 33 - 0 + 12 -
Cancer (n = 305) 1 + 2 0.42 (0.04 - 4.68) 4 + 7 0.18 (0.05 - 0.62)** 5 + 34 0.24 (0.09 - 0.62)** 0 + 195 - 0 + 57 -
Working as healthcare professional (n = 56) 0 + 0 - 6 + 23 0.08 (0.03 - 0.20)*** 0 + 18 - 0 + 7 - 0 + 2 -
  1. * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001
  2. ^ Reference category