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Table 4 Odd ratios for TB risk factors according to origin of patients (not Italy-born/Italy-born) by age group

From: Epidemiology of tuberculosis in a low-incidence Italian region with high immigration rates: differences between not Italy-born and Italy-born TB cases

Risk factor n. not Italy-born cases + n. Italy-born cases^
Odds Ratio (95% CI)
  0 - 19 y
(n = 143 + 121)
20 - 39 y
(n = 1374 + 440)
40 - 59 y
(n = 391 + 665)
60 - 79 y
(n = 51 + 1579)
≥80 y
(n = 5 + 608)
Homeless
(n = 416)
39 + 2
22.3 (5.26 - 94.66)***
292 + 0
-
72 + 1
149.9 (20.7 - 1083.3)***
9 + 0
-
1 + 0
-
Prison
(n = 30)
0 + 0
-
18 + 3
1.93 (0.57 - 6.60)
0 + 7
-
0 + 2
-
0 + 0
-
Case contact
(n = 150)
14 + 36
0.26 (0.13 - 0.50)***
82 + 33
0.79 (0.52 - 1.19)
16 + 27
1.01 (0.54 - 1.90)
0 + 37
-
0 + 5
-
HIV+
(n = 180)
0 + 0
-
66 + 56
0.35 (0.24 - 0.50)***
15 + 27
0.94 (0.50 - 1.79)
0 + 12
-
0 + 4
-
Alcohol
(n = 63)
0 + 0
-
18 + 2
2.91 (0.67 - 12.58)
8 + 18
0.75 (0.32 - 1.74)
0 + 16
-
0 + 1
-
i.v. Drug user
(n = 47)
1 + 0
-
19 + 17
0.35 (0.18 - 0.68)**
0 + 7
-
0 + 3
-
0 + 0
-
Diabetes
(n = 231)
0 + 0
-
9 + 2
1.44 (0.31 - 6.71)
23 + 37
1.06 (0.62 - 1.81)
8 + 108
2.53 (1.16 - 5.52)*
0 + 44
-
Disorders of absorption
(n = 123)
4 + 1
3.45 (0.39 - 31.32)
21 + 6
1.12 (0.45 - 2.80)
9 + 10
1.54 (0.62 - 3.83)
3 + 42
2.29 (0.68 - 7.64)
0 + 27
-
Chronic Renal Failure
(n = 64)
0 + 0
-
5 + 1
1.60 (0.19 - 13.76)
5 + 6
1.42 (0.43 - 4.69)
0 + 33
-
0 + 12
-
Cancer
(n = 305)
1 + 2
0.42 (0.04 - 4.68)
4 + 7
0.18 (0.05 - 0.62)**
5 + 34
0.24 (0.09 - 0.62)**
0 + 195
-
0 + 57
-
Working as healthcare professional
(n = 56)
0 + 0
-
6 + 23
0.08 (0.03 - 0.20)***
0 + 18
-
0 + 7
-
0 + 2
-
  1. * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001
  2. ^ Reference category